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No Man's LandJamaican Guestworkers in America and the Global History of Deportable Labor$
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Cindy Hahamovitch

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691102689

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691102689.001.0001

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Everything But a Gun to Their Heads

Everything But a Gun to Their Heads

The Politics of Labor Scarcity and the Birth of World War II Guestworker Programs

Chapter:
(p.22) Chapter Two Everything But a Gun to Their Heads
Source:
No Man's Land
Author(s):

Cindy Hahamovitch

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691102689.003.0003

This chapter describes the second phase in the history of guestworker programs. The mobilization for World War II led once again to rising wages and thus to the rekindling of interest in temporary foreign workers. Outlasting the war by more than thirty years, this phase involved far more nations and migrants, and far greater state involvement in labor supply schemes. During the Great Depression, nation-states expelled foreign workers in the name of taking care of their own; during World War II, they invited them back, beginning a new and much larger trend toward admitting foreign workers on a temporary basis. The chapter focuses in particular on the story of Bahamian laborers during this period, as a tomato farmer and self-appointed diplomat named Luther L. Chandler began the efforts toward a new immigration policy that would give growers in the East access to Bahamian workers.

Keywords:   labor scarcity, World War II, guestworker programs, New Deal, Luther L. Chandler, Bahamian workers, state involvement, labor supply schemes

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