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Fighting for the SpeakershipThe House and the Rise of Party Government$

Jeffery A. Jenkins and Charles Stewart

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691118123

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691118123.001.0001

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(p.332) Appendix 2 Election of House Speaker, First–112th Congresses

(p.332) Appendix 2 Election of House Speaker, First–112th Congresses

Source:
Fighting for the Speakership
Author(s):

Jeffery A. Jenkins

Charles Stewart

Publisher:
Princeton University Press

First Congress (Election Date: April 1, 1789)

Frederick A. Muhlenberg (Pro-Adm.-Pa.) was elected by a “majority of votes,” with reports of 23 votes for Muhlenberg and 7 votes split between two other candidates. Jonathan Trumbull Jr. was also nominated.

Source: House Journal, 1-1, 6; Independent Gazetteer (Philadelphia), April 9, 1789, 3; Risjord (1992), 631.

Second Congress (Election Date: October 24, 1791)

Jonathan Trumbull Jr. (Anti-Adm.-Conn.) was elected by a “majority of votes.” No further details provided.

Source: House Journal, 2-1, 434; American Mercury (Hartford, Conn.), October 31, 1791, 3.

Third Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1793)

Frederick A. Muhlenberg (Anti-Adm.-Pa.) was elected on the third ballot.

Ballot:

1

2

3

Frederick Muhlenberg

21

33

37

Theodore Sedgwick

24

29

27

Abraham Baldwin

14

Gilman

1

Smith (sc)

3

Boudinot

2

Goodhue

1

Scattering

some

a few

Total votes

66

?

?

Necessary for a choice

34

?

?

Source: General Advertiser (Philadelphia), December 3, 1793, 3.

Fourth Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1795)

Jonathan Dayton (F-N.J.) was elected on the first ballot. Dayton received 46 votes to 31 for Frederick Muhlenberg and 2 votes scattering. (Total votes: 79. Necessary for a choice: 40.)

Source: Aurora General Advertiser (Philadelphia), December 8, 1795, 3; Daily Advertiser (New York), December 10, 1795, 2.

(p.333) Fifth Congress (Election Date: May 15, 1797)

Jonathan Dayton (F-N.J.) was elected on the first ballot. Dayton received 78 votes to 1 for George Dent and 1 for Abraham Baldwin. (Total votes: 80. Necessary for a choice: 41.)

Source: Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser, May 17, 1797, 3; Alexandria Advertiser (Virginia), May 19, 1797, 2.

Sixth Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1799)

Theodore Sedgwick (R-Mass.) was elected on the second ballot. On the first ballot, Sedgwick received 42 votes to 27 for Nathaniel Macon, 13 for George Dent, 2 for John Rutledge Jr., and 1 for Thomas Sumter. (Total votes: 85. Necessary for a choice: 43.) On the second ballot, Sedgwick received 44 votes to 38 for Macon, 3 for Dent, and 1 for Rutledge. (Total votes: 86. Necessary for a choice: 44.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 6-1, 186.

Seventh Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1801)

Nathaniel Macon (R-N.C.) was elected on the first ballot. Macon received 53 votes to 26 for James A. Bayard and 2 for Samuel Smith. (Total votes: 81. Necessary for a choice: 41.)

Source: Commercial Advertiser (New York), December 12, 1801, 3; New York Evening Post, December 12, 1801, 3.

Eighth Congress (Election Date: October 17, 1803)

Nathaniel Macon (R-N.C.) was elected on the first ballot. Macon received 76 votes to 30 for Joseph Varnum and 1 for John Dawson. (Total votes: 107. Necessary for a choice: 54.)

Source: Commercial Advertiser (New York), October 21, 1803, 3.

Ninth Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1805)

Nathaniel Macon (R-N.C.) was elected on the third ballot. (p.334)

Ballot:

1

2

3

Nathaniel Macon

51

53

58

Joseph Varnum

26

26

23

John C. Smith

16

17

18

John Dawson

10

7

3

Andrew Gregg

2

3

2

Thomas Moore

1

David Holmes

1

Total votes

105

106

106

Necessary for a choice

53

54

54

Source: Aurora General Advertiser (Philadelphia), December 6, 1805, 3.

Note: Discrepancies exist regarding the vote totals of Macon, Varnum, and Gregg on the first ballot, with different sources reporting as many as 52 votes for Macon, 27 for Varnum, and 3 for Gregg.

10th Congress (Election Date: October 26, 1807)

Joseph B. Varnum (R-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. Varnum received 59 votes to 17 for Charles Goldsborough, 17 for Burwell Bassett, 8 for Josiah Masters, 7 for Thomas Blount, 4 for John Dawson, 2 for John Smilie, 1 for Benjamin Tallmadge, 1 for Timothy Pitkin, and 1 for R. Nelson. (Total votes: 117. Necessary for a choice: 59.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 10-1, 782.

11th Congress (Election Date: May 22, 1809)

Joseph B. Varnum (R-Mass.) was elected on the second ballot. On the first ballot, Varnum received 60 votes to 36 for Nathaniel Macon, 20 for Timothy Pitkin, 1 for Roger Nelson, 1 for Charles Goldsborough, and 2 blank. (Total votes: 120. Necessary for a choice: 61.) On the second ballot, Varnum received 65 votes to 45 for Macon, 6 for Pit-kin, 1 for Benjamin Howard, 1 for Nelson, and 1 for Goldsborough. (Total votes: 118. Necessary for a choice: 60.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 11-1, 54–56.

12th Congress (Election Date: November 4, 1811)

Henry Clay (R-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Clay received 75 votes to 38 for Bibb, 3 for Macon, 2 for Nelson, and 1 for Bassett. (Total votes: 119. Necessary for a choice: 60.)

Source: National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.), November 6, 1811, 1; Balance and State Journal (Albany), November 12, 1811, 362.

13th Congress (Election Date: May 24, 1813)

Henry Clay (R-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Clay received 89 votes to 54 for Timothy Pitkin, 2 for Nathaniel Macon, 1 for Breckenridge, 1 for Nelson, and 1 for Bibb. (Total votes: 148. Necessary for a choice: 75.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 13-1, 106; Boston Daily Advertiser, May 31, 1813, 2.

Note: Clay resigned the speakership in order to attend the peace talks in Europe.

13th Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: January 19, 1814)

Langdon Cheves (R-S.C.) was elected on the first ballot. Cheves received 94 votes to 59 for Felix Grundy and 12 scattering. (Total votes: 165. Necessary for a choice: 83.)

(p.335) Source: Annals of Congress, 13-2, 1057; Repertory (Boston), January 27, 1814, 1.

14th Congress (Election Date: December 4, 1815)

Henry Clay (R-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Clay received 87 votes to 13 for Hugh Nelson, 9 for Timothy Pitkin, 7 for Nathaniel Macon, 2 for Joseph Lewis, 1 for T. Pickering, and 3 blanks. (Total votes: 122. Necessary for a choice: 62.)

Source: Niles’ Weekly Register, December 9, 1815, 254.

15th Congress (Election Date: December 1, 1817)

Henry Clay (R-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Clay received 143 votes to 6 for Samuel Smith and 1 blank. (Total votes: 150. Necessary for a choice: 76.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 15-1, 398.

16th Congress (Election Date: December 6, 1819)

Henry Clay (R-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Clay received 147 votes with 8 scattering. (Total votes: 155. Necessary for a choice: 78.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 16-1, 702; New York Gazette & Daily Advertiser, December 9, 1819, 2.

Note: Clay resigned after the first session to return home to take care of some financial matters.

16th Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: November 15, 1820)

John W. Taylor (R-N.Y.) was elected on the 22nd ballot.

Date:

November 13, 1820

November 14

Date:

November 14

November 15

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Ballot:

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

John W. Taylor

40

49

50

60

65

67

62

64

66

64

61

(p.336) John W. Taylor

47

32

27

26

30

44

55

66

67

73

76

William Lowndes

34

44

56

61

63

61

57

54

47

25

31

William Lowndes

23

30

37

55

68

72

66

65

65

42

44

Samuel Smith

27

25

16

11

8

7

15

33

33

50

50

Samuel Smith

53

48

42

27

23

17

21

14

8

32

27

John Sergeant

18

13

11

5

John Sergeant

19

32

35

32

24

11

2

Hugh Nelson

10

Gideon Tomlinson

3

Scattering

3

1

1

3

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

Scattering

3

3

3

6

1

1

Total votes

132

132

134

135

138

136

135

152

147

140

148

Total votes

148

145

144

146

145

144

144

145

141

147

148

Necessary for a choice

67

67

68

68

70

69

68

77

74

71

75

Necessary for a choice

75

73

73

74

73

73

73

73

71

74

75

Source: Annals of Congress, 16-2, 435–38; Niles’ Weekly Register, November 18, 1820, 186.

Note: Eleven additional members arrived and took their seats prior to the Nov. 14 balloting; another five appeared and were seated prior to the Nov. 15 balloting.

Note: Lowndes is credited with 32 votes on the 10th ballot by the account provided in Niles’ Weekly Register.

17th Congress (Election Date: December 4, 1821)

Philip P. Barbour (R-Va.) elected on the 12th ballot.

Date:

December 3, 1821

December 4

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

John W. Taylor

60

58

61

60

67

72

77

64

69

70

68

67

Caesar A. Rodney

45

60

61

69

72

65

59

36

15

4

5

3

Louis McLane

29

31

30

23

16

8

2

Samuel Smith

20

10

5

8

10

19

26

25

18

10

6

4

Hugh Nelson

5

2

Scattering

2

2

12

3

2

5

4

Philip P. Barbour

35

64

83

85

88

Henry Baldwin

4

3

4

6

Total votes

161

161

159

160

165

164

162

172

173

174

173

172

Necessary for a choice

81

81

80

81

83

83

82

87

87

88

87

87

Source: Annals of Congress, 17-1, 514–17; Niles’ Weekly Register, December 8, 1821, 233–34.

Note: Seven additional members arrived and took their seats prior to the Dec. 4 balloting.

Note: Nelson is credited with zero votes on the first ballot by the account provided in Niles’.

(p.337) 18th Congress (Election Date: December 1, 1823)

Henry Clay (R-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Clay received 139 votes to 42 for Philip P. Barbour. (Total votes: 181. Necessary for a choice: 91.)

Source: Annals of Congress, 18-1, 795.

19th Congress (Election Date: December 5, 1825)

John W. Taylor (Adams-N.Y.) was elected on the second ballot. On the first ballot, Taylor received 89 votes to 41 for John W. Campbell, 36 for Louis McLane, 17 for Andrew Stevenson, 6 for Lewis Condict, and 5 scattering. (Total votes: 194. Necessary to a choice: 98.) On the second ballot, Taylor received 99 votes to 44 for McLane, 42 for Campbell, 5 for Stevenson, and 3 scattering. (Total votes: 193. Necessary for a choice: 97.)

Source: Register of Debates, 19-1, 795–96.

20th Congress (Election Date: December 3, 1827)

Andrew Stevenson (Jacksonian-Va.) was elected on the first ballot. Stevenson received 104 votes to 94 for John W. Taylor, 4 for Philip P. Barbour, and 3 scattering. (Total votes: 205. Necessary for a choice: 103.)

Source: Register of Debates, 20-1, 811.

21st Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1829)

Andrew Stevenson (Jacksonian-Va.) was elected on the first ballot. Stevenson received 152 votes to 21 for William D. Martin, 4 for Joel B. Sutherland, 4 for Henry R. Storrs, 3 for John W. Taylor, with 7 votes scattering. (Total votes: 191. Necessary for a choice: 96.)

Source: Republican Star & General Advertiser (Easton, Md.), December 15, 1829, 3; Boston Patriot, December 9, 1829, 2.

22nd Congress (Election Date: December 5, 1831)

Andrew Stevenson (Jacksonian-Va.) was elected on the first ballot. Stevenson received 98 votes to 54 for Joel B. Sutherland (Pa.), 15 for C. A. Wickliffe (Ky.), 18 for John W. Taylor (N.Y.), 4 for Lewis Condict (N.J.), and 6 scattering. (Total votes: 195. Necessary for a choice: 98.)

Source: Register of Debates, 22-1, 1420.

23rd Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1833)

Andrew Stevenson (Jacksonian-Va.) was elected on the first ballot. Stevenson received 142 votes to 39 for Lewis Williams, 15 for Edward Everett, 4 for John Bell, 2 for Richard Coulter, 2 for R. H. Wilde, 2 for C. F. Mercer, 1 for John Davis, 1 for Samuel A. Foot, 1 for John (p.338) Vance, 1 for James K. Polk, and 8 blank. (Total votes: 218. Necessary for a choice: 110.)

Source: Congressional Globe, 23-1, 3; Register of Debates, 23-1, 2136.

Note: Stevenson resigned the speakership to become American minister to London.

Note: Both the Register and the Globe indicate that there were 218 votes cast in the election, making 110 the number necessary for a choice. But both sources only report candidate totals that add up to 217 votes.

23rd Congress—Replacement Election

(Election Date: June 2, 1834)

John Bell (Jacksonian-Tenn.) was elected on the 10th ballot.

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

R. H. Wilde (Ga.)

64

64

59

49

37

24

16

11

11

11

James K. Polk (Tenn.)

42

53

57

59

67

67

73

78

76

78

Joel B. Sutherland (Pa.)

34

30

26

25

16

16

10

9

4

2

John Bell (Tenn.)

30

39

47

49

57

65

76

97

104

114

Jesse Speight (N.C.)

18

16

8

4

3

1

3

3

2

1

James M. Wayne (Ga.)

15

13

15

25

30

36

26

13

8

6

Lewis Williams (N.C.)

4

Edward Everett (Mass.)

3

1

Thomas Chilton (Ky.)

2

Henry Hubbard (N.H.)

2

1

1

2

1

Roger L. Gamble (Ga.)

1

1

G. R. Gilmer (Ga.)

1

1

Benjamin Hardin

1

Amos Lane

1

William S. Archer

1

David Crockett

1

Thomas Marshall

1

John Q. Adams

2

Richard Coulter

1

1

Horace Binney

1

Blank

4

2

4

7

5

5

10

7

6

6

Total votes

220

223

219

221

219

214

215

219

211

218

Necessary for a choice

111

112

110

111

110

108

108

110

106

110

Source: Register of Debates, 23-1, 4371–73; Congressional Globe, 23-1, 421.

Note: On the third ballot, the tellers discovered two votes folded together (in the same handwriting), both for John Bell. These votes were not counted. See Register.

Note: Wayne is credited with zero votes on the 10th ballot by the account provided in the Register. The Globe account of 6 votes is likely (p.339) correct, as the Register’s individual vote total falls 6 votes short of the announced total.

Note: Register reports zero blanks on the seventh ballot.

24th Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1835)

James K. Polk (Jacksonian-Tenn.) was elected on the first ballot. Polk received 132 votes to 84 for John Bell, 3 for Charles F. Mercer, 2 for John Quincy Adams, 1 for Francis Granger, and 3 blanks. (Total votes: 225. Necessary for a choice: 113.)

Source: Congressional Globe, 24-1, 3.

25th Congress (Election Date: September 4, 1837)

James K. Polk (D-Tenn.) was elected on the first ballot. Polk received 116 votes to 103 for John Bell and 5 scattering. (Total votes: 224. Necessary for a choice: 113.)

Source: Congressional Globe, 25-1, 3.

26th Congress (Election Date: December 16, 1839)

Robert M. T. Hunter (W-Va.) was elected on the 11th ballot.

Date:

December 14, 1839

December 16

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

John W. Jones (Va.)

113

113

110

101

71

39

2

14

55

John Bell (Tenn.)

102

99

1

2

22

21

64

80

33

12

William C. Dawson (Ga.)

11

11

103

77

4

1

5

5

6

3

Francis W. Pickens (S.C.)

5

5

7

8

6

4

1

1

5

9

Dixon H. Lewis (Ala.)

3

5

6

14

49

79

110

113

110

73

1

George W. Hopkins (Va.)

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Robert M. T. Hunter (Va.)

1

5

29

68

63

22

16

59

85

119

John Q. Adams (Mass.)

1

1

1

1

1

1

John C. Clark (N.Y.)

1

1

Henry A. Wise (Va.)

1

Waddy Thompson (S.C.)

1

Levi Lincoln (Mass.)

4

11

2

Francis Granger (N.Y.)

2

1

12

2

George Evans (Maine)

2

1

Thomas Corwin (Ohio)

2

1

1

Zadok Casey (Ill.)

1

3

3

5

5

8

10

Linn Banks (Va.)

1

George Dromgoole (Va.)

1

1

1

1

1

R. Barnwell Rhett (S.C.)

1

David Petrikin (Pa.)

1

Francis Thomas (Md.)

4

7

11

10

3

John Sergeant (Pa.)

1

Joseph Underwood (Ky.)

1

(p.340) Cave Johnson (Tenn.)

1

1

Henry W. Connor (N.C.)

1

Lewis Williams (N.C.)

1

John Campbell (S.C.)

2

Edward Curtis (N.Y.)

1

George M. Keim (Pa.)

12

24

William Medill (Ohio)

2

Charles Atherton (N.H.)

4

Thomas Davee (Maine)

3

David Starkweather (Ohio)

1

Nathan Clifford (Maine)

1

Tilghman Howard (Ind.)

1

Linn Boyd (Ky.)

1

Total votes

235

235

234

234

234

228

229

232

231

232

232

Necessary for a choice

118

118

118

118

118

115

115

117

116

117

117

Source: House Journal, 26-1, 57–79.

Note: This election was the first using the viva voce voting rule. All subsequent speakership elections were determined by viva voce, unless otherwise noted.

27th Congress (Election Date: May 31, 1841)

John White (W-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. White received 121 votes to 84 for John W. Jones, 8 for Henry A. Wise, 5 for Joseph Lawrence, 1 for William Cost Johnson, 1 for Nathan Clifford, and 1 for George N. Briggs. (Total votes: 221. Necessary for a choice: 111.)

Source: House Journal, 27-1, 10–11.

28th Congress (Election Date: December 4, 1843)

John W. Jones (D-Va.) was elected on the first ballot. Jones received 128 votes to 59 for John White (Ky.) and 1 for William Wilkins (Pa.). (Total votes: 188. Necessary for a choice: 95.)

Source: House Journal, 28-1, 7–8.

29th Congress (Election Date: December 1, 1845)

John W. Davis (D-Ind.) was elected on the first ballot. Davis received 120 votes to 71 for Samuel F. Vinton, 9 for Moses Norris, 5 for William S. Miller, 1 for Robert C. Winthrop, 1 for Daniel M. Barringer, 1 for John G. Chapman, 1 for John H. Campbell, and 1 for Andrew Stewart. (Total votes: 210. Necessary for a choice: 106.)

Source: House Journal, 29-1, 7–9.

(p.341) 30th Congress (Election Date: December 6, 1847)

Robert C. Winthrop (W-Mass.) was elected on the third ballot.

1

2

3

Robert C. Winthrop (W–Mass.)

108

109

110

Linn Boyd (D–Ky.)

61

82

64

Robert McClelland (D–Mich.)

23

13

14

John A. McClernand

11

5

8

James J. McKay

5

Howell Cobb

3

2

4

James Wilson

2

3

2

Henry C. Murphy

1

Charles J. Ingersoll

1

John P. Gaines

1

Joseph R. Ingersoll

1

1

Timothy Jenkins

1

Charles Hudson

1

1

1

John Gayle

1

Armistead Burt

1

4

R. Barnwell Rhett

1

7

John J. Hermanson

1

Jacob Thompson

1

Isaac E. Holmes

1

Joseph A. Woodward

1

Richard French

1

Total votes

220

219

218

Necessary for a choice

111

110

110

Source: House Journal, 30–1, 8–14.

31st Congress (Election Date: December 22, 1849)

Howell Cobb (D-Ga.) was elected on the 61st ballot.

Date:

12/3/1849

12/4

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Robert C. Winthrop

96

96

96

96

96

97

97

97

97

97

Howell Cobb

103

102

102

102

102

101

100

99

100

99

David Wilmot

8

8

7

7

10

9

9

9

8

9

Meredith P. Gentry

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

Emery D. Potter

1

1

1

3

3

4

4

4

Horace Mann

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

William A. Richardson

2

2

3

2

2

3

Chauncey F. Cleveland

1

1

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

Frederick P. Stanton

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

James A. Seddon

1

1

1

2

(p.342) Scattering

4

4

3

2

3

2

2

3

3

1

Total votes

221

221

221

221

224

224

224

224

224

224

Necessary for a choice

111

111

111

111

113

113

113

113

113

113

Date:

12/5

12/6

12/7

Ballot:

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

Robert C. Winthrop

97

97

98

99

101

100

100

99

102

102

Howell Cobb

98

97

93

89

89

73

66

63

63

62

William A. Richardson

4

4

6

8

9

19

25

27

29

28

Emery D. Potter

4

5

9

10

10

16

17

18

15

18

Meredith P. Gentry

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

Amos Tuck

7

8

8

9

Joseph M. Root

7

7

7

7

1

David Wilmot

8

7

Chauncey F. Cleveland

2

2

2

3

2

2

1

1

Horace Mann

2

2

1

Scattering

4

4

2

2

2

1

3

3

3

3

Total votes

223

223

223

223

225

225

225

225

225

225

Necessary for a choice

112

112

112

111

113

113

113

113

113

113

Date:

12/7

12/8

12/10

Ballot:

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

Robert C. Winthrop

101

102

102

102

102

102

102

101

102

102

Emery D. Potter

19

18

29

40

48

61

70

76

76

77

Howell Cobb

66

65

31

16

9

7

6

5

5

5

William Richardson

23

23

23

16

12

6

5

4

1

1

Linn Boyd

3

14

22

22

17

14

5

4

David Wilmot

7

7

7

7

8

7

7

7

6

6

Meredith P. Gentry

5

5

4

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

James S. Green

1

1

10

12

Daniel F. Miller

5

8

8

John K. Miller

6

5

3

3

4

Thomas H. Bayly

2

3

2

2

2

2

1

1

William Strong

2

5

5

Richard K. Meade

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

John A. McClernand

1

1

2

1

2

1

1

James McDowell

3

2

1

William J. Brown

1

2

2

David T. Disney

2

1

Scattering

3

2

4

2

4

5

5

4

7

4

Total votes

225

225

224

225

225

225

225

224

224

224

Necessary for a choice

113

113

113

113

113

113

113

113

113

113

Date:

12/10

12/11

12/12

Ballot:

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

(p.343) Robert C. Winthrop

101

101

101

101

101

101

100

100

101

17

William J. Brown

2

53

80

84

88

97

107

109

109

112

Emery D. Potter

78

1

Linn Boyd

5

15

15

12

12

7

1

1

1

3

David Wilmot

6

6

5

5

5

5

6

6

7

Charles S. Morehead

5

5

5

5

5

17

Howell Cobb

5

10

5

5

5

4

David T. Disney

13

8

7

4

William Duer

26

Meredith P. Gentry

5

5

5

5

Edward Stanly

18

James S. Green

10

5

Edward McGaughey

13

Horace Mann

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

5

John K. Miller

3

3

Samuel F. Vinton

1

1

2

Thomas H. Bayly

2

1

1

George W. Julian

3

James Thompson

3

William Strong

3

Joseph R. Chandler

2

Thaddeus Stevens

2

Scattering

7

5

3

3

3

4

3

2

2

6

Total votes

224

224

224

224

224

224

223

225

226

226

Necessary for a choice

113

113

113

113

113

113

112

113

114

114

Date:

12/13

12/14

12/15

12/17

Ballot:

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

Linn Boyd

26

51

68

82

82

85

85

86

87

87

Robert C. Winthrop

59

36

25

27

20

14

10

70

72

75

Edward Stanly

21

30

40

49

55

67

66

3

1

1

Emery D. Potter

24

24

24

22

22

17

18

17

14

15

Thaddeus Stevens

4

11

13

12

24

23

27

18

11

9

Charles S. Morehead

11

9

10

6

8

5

4

16

22

18

Howell Cobb

40

18

6

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

William Strong

1

2

3

5

2

3

4

3

David Wilmot

4

6

6

6

David T. Disney

1

2

1

3

3

4

5

3

Robert M. McLane

2

8

7

1

William Duer

5

5

3

1

1

1

David Outlaw

1

2

3

2

1

1

1

2

1

2

Charles M. Conrad

1

3

1

1

2

2

George W. Julian

2

2

2

2

1

1

Edward McGaughey

3

3

1

1

(p.344) Henry W. Hilliard

2

3

2

1

Thomas H. Bayly

6

John A. McClernand

2

1

1

1

1

Edward D. Baker

1

2

1

1

James McDowell

2

2

1

Humphrey Marshall

1

2

1

Robert C. Schenck

2

1

1

Samuel F. Vinton

2

1

1

Willis A. Gorman

2

1

Scattering

8

6

4

4

5

4

5

2

2

2

Total votes

225

225

225

223

226

226

224

223

223

221

Necessary for a choice

113

113

113

112

114

114

113

112

112

111

Date:

12/17

12/18

12/19

12/20

12/22

Ballot:

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

Robert C. Winthrop

57

95

97

97

97

84

88

86

13

90

Linn Boyd

87

66

59

51

47

37

33

32

28

3

John A. McClernand

13

18

23

26

35

40

46

50

Howell Cobb

1

7

8

11

16

15

13

10

2

95

William Strong

4

4

16

17

17

17

15

4

Edward Stanly

2

1

75

Charles S. Morehead

14

4

4

5

5

4

4

4

1

4

Emery D. Potter

13

11

10

8

1

3

George W. Julian

2

7

7

4

3

4

4

5

David T. Disney

4

9

9

8

4

Thaddeus Stevens

6

3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

David Wilmot

1

1

1

7

9

James G. King

5

5

5

4

Hugh White

16

James McDowell

4

5

5

2

Edward C. Cabell

1

1

1

1

6

4

John L. Robinson

1

2

3

3

2

1

John K. Miller

1

1

1

1

6

Charles M. Conrad

4

2

2

1

1

Henry W. Hilliard

1

1

2

1

2

1

Edward McGaughey

1

1

1

1

3

Robert C. Schenck

3

3

Robert M. McLane

1

1

2

1

1

Edward D. Baker

1

1

3

Christopher Williams

2

William H. Bissell

2

2

1

Scattering

1

3

2

3

2

3

3

4

4

2

Total votes

222

223

223

222

222

224

223

224

218

217

Necessary for a choice

112

112

112

112

112

113

112

113

110

109

Date:

12/17

12/18

12/19

12/20

12/22

Ballot:

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

Robert C. Winthrop

57

95

97

97

97

84

88

86

13

90

Linn Boyd

87

66

59

51

47

37

33

32

28

3

John A. McClernand

13

18

23

26

35

40

46

50

Howell Cobb

1

7

8

11

16

15

13

10

2

95

William Strong

4

4

16

17

17

17

15

4

Edward Stanly

2

1

75

Charles S. Morehead

14

4

4

5

5

4

4

4

1

4

Emery D. Potter

13

11

10

8

1

3

George W. Julian

2

7

7

4

3

4

4

5

David T. Disney

4

9

9

8

4

Thaddeus Stevens

6

3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

David Wilmot

1

1

1

7

9

James G. King

5

5

5

4

Hugh White

16

James McDowell

4

5

5

2

Edward C. Cabell

1

1

1

1

6

4

John L. Robinson

1

2

3

3

2

1

John K. Miller

1

1

1

1

6

Charles M. Conrad

4

2

2

1

1

Henry W. Hilliard

1

1

2

1

2

1

Edward McGaughey

1

1

1

1

3

Robert C. Schenck

3

3

Robert M. McLane

1

1

2

1

1

Edward D. Baker

1

1

3

Christopher Williams

2

William H. Bissell

2

2

1

Scattering

1

3

2

3

2

3

3

4

4

2

Total votes

222

223

223

222

222

224

223

224

218

217

Necessary for a choice

112

112

112

112

112

113

112

113

110

109

Date:

12/12

Ballot:

61

62

63

(p.345) Howell Cobb

96

97

102

Robert C. Winthrop

92

97

100

David Wilmot

9

9

8

Charles S. Morehead

4

4

4

William Strong

4

4

3

Emery D. Potter

3

3

1

Linn Boyd

3

3

1

Edward C. Cabell

2

2

Edward McGaughey

3

Scattering

4

2

3

Total votes

220

221

221

Necessary for a choice

111

111

Source: House Journal, 31-1, 8–163.

Note: William Hebard is recorded as having voted for both Winthrop and Cobb on the 21st ballot. Hebard, a Whig, voted for Winthrop on every other ballot for Speaker. Cobb was elected Speaker on the 63rd ballot under a plurality rule resolution adopted by the House. Immediately following the 63rd ballot, Edward Stanly offered the resolution that “Howell Cobb, a representative from the State of Georgia, be declared duly elected Speaker of the House of Representatives for the thirty-first Congress,” which passed on a 149–35 vote (House Journal, 31-1, 163–64).

32nd Congress (Election Date: December 1, 1851)

Linn Boyd (D-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Boyd received 118 votes to 22 for Edward Stanly, 21 for Joseph R. Chandler, 15 for Thaddeus Stephens, 9 for Thomas Bayly, 6 for John L. Taylor, 4 for Alexander Evans, 4 for Thomas S. Bocock, 3 for Meredith P. Gentry, 2 for Junius Hillyer, 1 for John W. Howe, 1 for Willis A. Gorman, 1 for Richard I. Bowie, 1 for David Outlaw, 1 for John Allison, 1 for William S. Ashe, 1 for E. Carrington Cabell, 1 for James Meacham, 1 for Preston King, and 1 for George W. Jones. (Total votes: 214. Necessary for a choice: 108.)

Source: House Journal, 32-1, 8–10.

33rd Congress (Election Date: December 5, 1853)

Linn Boyd (D-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Boyd received 143 votes to 35 for Joseph R. Chandler, 11 for Lewis D. Campbell, 7 for Presley Ewing, 6 for Solomon Haven, 4 for James L. Orr, 3 for John G. Miller, 3 for William Preston, 2 for Thomas M. Howe, 1 for William S. Ashe, 1 for John S. Millson, and 1 for John C. Breckinridge. (Total votes: 217. Necessary for a choice: 109.)

Source: House Journal, 33-1, 8–10.

(p.346) 34th Congress (Election Date: February 2, 1856)

Nathaniel Banks (R-Mass.) was elected on the 133rd ballot.

Date:

12/3

12/4

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Richardson (D-Ill.)

74

74

74

72

78

75

75

75

75

Campbell (R-Ohio)

53

55

55

56

58

57

54

51

51

Marshall (A-Ky.)

30

30

30

30

19

18

20

18

16

Banks (R-Mass.)

21

22

23

22

23

25

28

32

31

Fuller (A-Pa.)

17

18

18

17

20

22

20

20

21

Pennington (R-N.J.)

7

7

8

8

8

9

10

9

10

Scattering

23

18

16

17

18

17

17

17

19

Total Votes

225

224

224

222

224

223

224

222

223

Necessary for a Choice

113

113

113

112

111

112

113

112

112

Date:

12/5

Ballot:

10

11

12

13

14

15

Richardson (D-Ill.)

72

74

73

74

74

74

Campbell (R-Ohio)

48

47

75

79

81

80

Marshall (A-Ky.)

25

26

21

22

13

6

Banks (R-Mass.)

32

37

12

9

8

8

Fuller (A-Pa.)

21

19

19

21

21

19

Pennington (R-N.J.)

9

9

6

7

5

7

Scattering

13

11

13

10

21

25

Total Votes

220

223

219

222

223

219

Necessary for a Choice

111

112

110

112

112

110

Date:

12/6

Ballot:

16

17

18

19

20

21

Richardson (D-Ill.)

72

73

72

71

71

71

Campbell (R-Ohio)

79

69

62

57

48

46

Banks (R-Mass.)

6

14

18

18

23

21

Fuller (A-Pa.)

20

21

21

23

22

21

Pennington (R-N.J.)

9

10

11

14

19

20

Scattering

36

31

33

31

33

32

Total Votes

222

218

217

214

216

211

Necessary for a Choice

112

110

109

108

109

106

Date:

12/7

12/8

Ballot:

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

(p.347) Richardson (D-Ill.)

73

73

74

72

72

73

73

73

73

Campbell (R-Ohio)

74

75

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

Banks (R-Mass.)

11

10

41

44

46

49

86

97

98

Fuller (A-Pa.)

20

16

19

22

27

28

26

18

28

Pennington (R-N.J.)

9

9

18

18

17

17

8

6

5

Scattering

34

38

67

62

58

47

26

27

15

Total Votes

221

221

220

219

221

215

219

221

219

Necessary for a Choice

111

111

111

110

111

108

110

111

110

Date:

12/8

12/10

Ballot:

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

Richardson (D-Ill.)

72

72

73

74

76

76

76

75

76

Banks (R-Mass.)

99

100

100

100

105

106

106

107

107

Fuller (A-Pa.)

29

30

30

31

29

29

28

28

28

Scattering

21

19

19

16

15

15

14

15

15

Total Votes

221

221

222

221

225

226

224

225

226

Necessary for a Choice

111

111

112

111

113

114

113

113

114

Date:

12/11

Ballot:

40

41

42

43

44

45

Richardson (D-Ill.)

74

74

75

75

74

74

Banks (R-Mass.)

107

107

106

107

107

106

Fuller (A-Pa.)

27

28

27

28

28

27

Scattering

16

16

17

16

16

16

Total Votes

224

225

225

226

225

223

Necessary for a Choice

113

113

113

114

113

112

Date:

12/12

12/13

Ballot:

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

Richardson (D-Ill.)

74

74

74

75

75

75

75

74

74

73

Banks (R-Mass.)

106

106

105

105

105

105

104

104

104

104

Fuller (A-Pa.)

33

32

32

35

33

33

32

34

35

38

Scattering

11

11

12

9

11

11

11

10

9

7

Total Votes

224

223

223

224

224

224

222

222

222

222

Necessary for a Choice

113

112

112

113

113

113

112

112

112

112

Date:

12/14

12/15

Ballot:

56

57

58

59

60

(p.348) Richardson (D-Ill.)

73

74

73

74

74

Banks (R-Mass.)

106

106

106

105

105

Fuller (A-Pa.)

40

41

41

41

40

Scattering

5

5

5

4

5

Total Votes

224

226

225

224

224

Necessary for a Choice

113

114

113

113

113

Date:

12/15

12/17

12/19

12/20

12/24

Ballot:

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

Richardson (D-Ill.)

74

73

73

73

73

75

73

72

Banks (R-Mass.)

105

106

105

106

102

106

103

101

Fuller (A-Pa.)

40

37

38

38

38

34

34

31

Scattering

7

7

7

6

6

9

11

11

Total Votes

226

223

223

223

219

224

221

215

Necessary for a Choice

114

112

112

112

110

113

111

108

Date:

12/27

12/28

Ballot:

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

Richardson (D-Ill.)

66

67

67

67

68

68

68

Banks (R-Mass.)

100

103

103

103

101

100

101

Fuller (A-Pa.)

30

31

31

31

30

31

31

Scattering

9

10

10

10

8

8

8

Total Votes

205

211

211

211

207

207

208

Necessary for a Choice

103

106

106

106

104

104

105

Date:

12/28

12/29

Ballot:

76

77

78

79

80

81

82

83

84

Richardson (D-Ill.)

67

68

68

68

68

68

68

67

66

Banks (R-Mass.)

101

101

103

102

101

102

100

99

98

Fuller (A-Pa.)

31

32

32

31

30

30

30

29

29

Scattering

9

8

8

8

9

9

10

10

10

Total Votes

208

209

211

209

208

209

208

205

203

Necessary for a Choice

105

105

106

105

105

105

105

103

102

Date:

1/2

1/3

Ballot:

85

86

87

88

89

90

(p.349) Richardson (D-Ill.)

72

71

73

73

73

72

Banks (R-Mass.)

103

101

102

102

102

101

Fuller (A-Pa.)

32

30

33

33

33

30

Scattering

11

11

11

11

11

11

Total Votes

218

213

219

219

219

214

Necessary for a Choice

110

107

110

110

110

108

Date:

1/4

1/5

1/7

Ballot:

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

Richardson (D-Ill.)

73

73

72

72

73

73

73

72

Banks (R-Mass.)

104

104

105

98

101

99

97

99

Fuller (A-Pa.)

34

34

32

29

29

30

30

30

Scattering

10

10

10

11

11

12

14

15

Total Votes

221

221

219

210

214

214

214

216

Necessary for a Choice

111

111

110

106

108

108

108

109

Date:

1/9

Ballot:

99

100

101

102

103

104

105

Richardson (D-Ill.)

72

68

65

68

67

67

63

Banks (R-Mass.)

97

90

88

92

92

92

88

Fuller (A-Pa.)

33

32

28

28

26

29

28

Scattering

12

10

11

11

11

11

9

Total Votes

214

200

192

199

196

199

188

Necessary for a Choice

108

101

97

100

99

100

95

Date:

1/9

1/11

1/13

1/14

1/15

Ballot:

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

Richardson (D-Ill.)

62

70

69

66

65

64

65

65

66

Banks (R-Mass.)

88

98

94

95

95

95

92

92

93

Fuller (A-Pa.)

27

32

34

34

33

33

34

33

33

Scattering

10

12

10

16

16

16

16

16

17

Total Votes

187

212

207

211

209

208

207

206

209

Necessary for a Choice

94

107

104

106

105

105

104

104

105

Date:

1/16

1/18

1/19

1/11

Ballot:

115

116

117

118

119

120

(p.350) Richardson (D-Ill.)

65

68

69

66

67

67

Banks (R-Mass.)

88

94

94

92

91

91

Fuller (A-Pa.)

29

32

31

31

29

28

Scattering

13

9

8

8

8

8

Total Votes

195

203

202

197

195

194

Necessary for a Choice

98

102

102

99

98

98

Date:

1/21

1/23

1/24

1/25

Ballot:

121

122

123

124

125

126

127

Richardson (D-Ill.)

67

65

0

0

0

0

0

Banks (R-Mass.)

91

90

96

95

94

94

94

Fuller (A-Pa.)

29

30

12

25

28

29

25

Orr (D-S.C.)

0

0

68

68

66

65

64

Aiken (D-S.C.)

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Scattering

8

9

27

13

12

11

12

Total Votes

195

194

203

201

200

199

195

Necessary for a Choice

98

98

102

101

101

100

98

Date:

1/28

1/29

2/2

Ballot:

128

129

130

131

132

133

Richardson (D-Ill.)

0

0

0

0

0

0

Banks (R-Mass.)

97

99

102

102

102

103

Fuller (A-Pa.)

35

34

14

13

13

6

Orr (D-S.C.)

67

69

0

0

0

0

Aiken (D-S.C.)

0

0

93

93

92

100

Scattering

7

8

6

6

6

5

Total Votes

206

210

215

214

213

214

Necessary for a Choice

104

106

108

108

107

--

Source: House Journal, 34-1, 8–444.

35th Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1857)

James L. Orr (D-S.C.) was elected on the first ballot. Orr received 128 votes to 84 for Galusha A. Grow, 3 for Lewis D. Campbell, 3 for Felix K. Zollicoffer, 2 for Henry Winter Davis, 2 for James B. Ricaud, 1 for Valentine B. Horton, 1 for Francis P. Blair Jr., and 1 for Humphrey Marshall. (Total votes: 225. Necessary for a choice: 113.)

Source: House Journal, 35-1, 8–10.

(p.351) 36th Congress (Election Date: February 1, 1860)

William Pennington (R-N.J.) was elected on the 44th ballot.

Date:

12/5

12/7

12/9

12/14

12/15

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

86

88

88

86

85

85

John Sherman (R-Ohio)

66

107

110

108

110

110

Galusha A. Grow (R-Pa.)

43

0

0

0

0

0

Alexander R. Boteler (A-Va.)

14

1

2

1

1

5

John A. Gilmer (A-N.C.)

3

22

20

22

22

18

Scattering

18

13

11

10

8

8

Total Votes

230

231

231

227

226

226

Necessary for a Choice

116

116

116

114

114

114

Date:

12/16

12/17

12/19

Ballot:

7

8

9

10

11

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

86

83

85

84

85

John Sherman (R-Ohio)

96

111

111

111

112

Galusha A. Grow (R-Pa.)

0

0

0

0

0

Alexander R. Boteler (A-Va.)

1

25

23

15

21

John A. Gilmer (A-N.C.)

36

1

1

1

1

Scattering

8

8

8

17

11

Total Votes

227

228

228

228

230

Necessary for a Choice

114

115

115

115

116

Date:

12/19

12/20

12/21

Ballot:

12

13

14

15

16

17

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

19

12

8

7

6

0

John Sherman (R-Ohio)

112

110

111

110

109

106

Alexander R. Boteler (A-Va.)

29

31

39

43

38

0

John A. Gilmer (A-N.C.)

1

1

3

2

2

6

John G. Davis (AL-Ind.)

7

13

8

14

7

4

John S. Phelps (D-Mo.)

16

6

0

2

1

0

John McQueen (D-S.C.)

3

2

3

3

1

3

William Barksdale (D-Miss.)

5

20

15

10

5

0

William Maclay (D-N.Y.)

5

1

0

0

4

0

Miles Taylor (D-La.)

12

7

6

2

2

0

George Houston (D-Ala.)

2

1

3

1

7

0

John McClernand (D-Ill.)

2

4

21

25

28

1

John S. Millson (D-Va.)

0

0

0

0

0

95

Charles Scott (D-Calif.)

0

0

0

0

0

0

Scattering

17

18

12

7

13

10

Total Votes

230

226

229

226

223

225

Necessary for a Choice

116

114

115

114

112

114

Date:

12/22

12/23

12/24

12/27

Ballot:

18

19

20

21

22

(p.352) Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

0

1

10

20

14

John Sherman (R-Ohio)

95

108

103

100

101

Alexander R. Boteler (A-Va.)

0

0

0

0

0

John A. Gilmer (A-N.C.)

36

21

19

17

14

John G. Davis (AL-Ind.)

4

5

7

11

5

John S. Phelps (D-Mo.)

1

1

1

1

1

John McQueen (D-S.C.)

1

1

3

1

1

William Barksdale (D-Miss.)

0

0

2

1

2

William Maclay (D-N.Y.)

1

0

1

9

12

Miles Taylor (D-La.)

0

0

2

0

0

George Houston (D-Ala.)

1

3

8

17

15

John McClernand (D-Ill.)

0

0

1

3

0

John S. Millson (D-Va.)

79

69

27

2

0

Charles Scott (D-Calif.)

0

0

0

3

17

Scattering

5

13

28

21

26

Total Votes

223

222

212

206

208

Necessary for a Choice

112

112

107

104

105

Date:

12/28

12/29

1/4

1/5

1/6

Ballot:

23

24

25

26

27

28

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

7

0

7

2

56

32

John Sherman (R-Oh.)

101

102

101

104

103

109

John A. Gilmer (KN-N.C.)

2

14

14

17

9

4

John G. Davis (AL-Ind.)

4

3

9

3

6

9

John McClernand (D-Ill.)

5

0

33

2

9

37

Horace Maynard (O-Tenn.)

65

0

0

0

0

0

Clement Vallandingham (D-Ohio)

2

0

12

69

2

0

Charles Scott (D-Calif.)

3

83

0

0

0

0

Andrew J. Hamilton (ID-Tex.)

1

0

0

0

1

0

Scattering

18

8

31

16

25

32

Total Votes

208

210

207

213

211

223

Necessary for a Choice

105

106

104

107

106

112

Date:

1/7

1/9

1/11

Ballot:

29

30

31

32

33

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

0

0

0

0

0

John Sherman (R-Oh.)

103

105

105

105

108

John A. Gilmer (KN-N.C.)

14

22

19

18

19

John G. Davis (AL-Ind.)

0

0

1

1

4

John McClernand (D-Ill.)

0

0

0

0

0

Horace Maynard (O-Tenn.)

0

0

0

0

0

(p.353) Clement Vallandingham (D-Ohio)

0

0

0

0

0

Charles Scott (D-Calif.)

0

0

0

0

0

Andrew J. Hamilton (ID-Tex.)

89

88

88

88

81

Scattering

5

4

6

7

9

Total Votes

211

219

219

219

221

Necessary for a Choice

106

110

110

110

111

Date:

1/11

1/25

1/26

1/27

Ballot:

34

35

36

37

38

39

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

1

51

58

55

51

1

John Sherman (R-Oh.)

106

105

109

110

109

106

John A. Gilmer (KN-N.C.)

25

3

2

1

4

0

John G. Davis (AL-Ind.)

8

6

5

7

7

1

William Pennington (R-N.J.)

0

0

0

0

1

1

John McClernand (D-Ill.)

0

0

3

3

2

0

William N. H. Smith (O-N.C.)

1

26

37

36

33

112

Andrew J. Hamilton (ID-Tex.)

75

4

0

0

0

0

Scattering

5

20

12

14

19

7

Total Votes

221

215

226

226

226

228

Necessary for a Choice

111

108

114

114

114

115

Date:

1/30

1/31

2/1

Ballot:

40

41

42

43

44

Thomas S. Bocock (D-Va.)

1

1

0

1

0

John Sherman (R-Oh.)

0

0

0

0

0

John A. Gilmer (KN-N.C.)

0

0

0

5

16

John G. Davis (AL-Ind.)

2

2

1

0

0

William Pennington (R-N.J.)

115

115

115

116

117

John McClernand (D-Ill.)

0

0

2

91

85

William N. H. Smith (O-N.C.)

113

113

113

1

4

Andrew J. Hamilton (ID-Tex.)

0

0

0

0

0

Scattering

3

1

2

19

11

Total Votes

234

232

233

233

233

Necessary for a Choice

118

117

117

117

117

Source: House Journal, 36-1, 8–164.

37th Congress (Election Date: July 4, 1861)

Galusha A. Grow (R-Pa.) was elected on the first ballot. Grow received 99 votes to 12 for John J. Crittenden, 11 for Francis P. Blair Jr., 7 for John S. Phelps, 7 for Clement L. Vallandingham, 7 for Erastus Corning, 6 for Samuel S. Cox, 3 for William A. Richardson, 2 for John A. (p.354) McClernand, 1 for John W. Crisfield, 1 for Charles B. Calvert, 1 for Hendrick B. Wright, 1 for John W. Noell, and 1 for George H. Pendleton. (Total votes: 159. Necessary for a choice: 80).

Source: House Journal, 37-1, 8–9; Congressional Globe, 37-1, 4.

38th Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1863)

Schuyler Colfax (R-Ind.) was elected on the first ballot. Colfax received 101 votes to 42 for Samuel S. Cox, 12 for John L. Dawson, 10 for Robert Mallory, 8 for Henry G. Stebbins, 6 for Austin A. King, 2 for Francis P. Blair Jr., and 1 for John D. Stiles. (Total votes: 182. Necessary for a choice: 92.)

Source: House Journal, 38-1, 9–11; Congressional Globe, 38-1, 6–7.

Note: Congressional Globe miscounts total votes as 181.

39th Congress (Election Date: December 4, 1865)

Schuyler Colfax (R-Ind.) was elected on the first ballot. Colfax received 139 votes to 36 for James Brooks. (Total votes: 175. Necessary for a choice: 88.)

Source: House Journal, 39-1, 7–8; Congressional Globe, 39-1, 5.

40th Congress (Election Date: march 4, 1867)

Schuyler Colfax (R-Ind.) was elected on the first ballot. Colfax received 127 votes to 30 for Samuel S. Marshall. (Total votes: 157. Necessary for a choice: 79)

Source: House Journal, 40-1, 6–7; Congressional Globe, 40-1, 4.

Note: Colfax resigned the speakership on March 3, 1869. Congressional Globe, 40-3, 1867–68.

40th Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: March 3, 1869)

Theodore M. Pomeroy (R-N.Y.) was elected unanimously via resolution moved by Henry L. Dawes (R-Mass.).

Source: House Journal, 40-3, 513; Congressional Globe, 40-3, 1868.

Note: Pomeroy served a single day as Speaker.

41st Congress (Election Date: March 4, 1869)

James G. Blaine (R-Maine) was elected on the first ballot. Blaine received 135 votes to 57 for Michael C. Kerr. (Total votes: 192. Necessary for a choice: 97.)

Source: House Journal, 41-1, 8–9; Congressional Globe, 41-1, 4–5.

42nd Congress (Election Date: March 4, 1871)

James G. Blaine (R-Maine) was elected on the first ballot. Blaine received 126 votes to 93 for George W. Morgan. (Total votes: 219. Necessary to a choice: 110.)

(p.355) Source: House Journal, 42-1, 7–9; Congressional Globe, 42-1, 6.

Note: Congressional Globe reports 92 votes for Morgan.

43rd Congress (Election Date: December 1, 1873)

James G. Blaine (R-Maine) was elected on the first ballot. Blaine received 189 votes to 76 for Fernando Wood, 2 for Samuel S. Cox, 1 for Hester Clymer, and 1 for Alexander A. Stephens. (Total votes: 269. Necessary for a choice: 135.)

Source: House Journal, 43-1, 9–10; Congressional Record, 43-1, 6.

44th Congress (Election Date: December 6, 1875)

Michael C. Kerr (D-Ind.) was elected on the first ballot. Kerr received 173 votes to 106 for James G. Blaine, 1 for Alexander Campbell, 1 for William B. Anderson, and 1 for Alpheus S. Williams. (Total votes: 282. Necessary for a choice: 142.)

Source: Congressional Record, 44-1, 167.

Note: Kerr died between sessions of the 44th Congress.

44th Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: December 4, 1876)

Samuel J. Randall (D-Pa.) was elected on the first ballot. Randall received 162 votes to 82 for James A. Garfield, 1 for Charles G. Williams, 1 for W. R. Morrison, and 1 for George F. Hoar. (Total votes: 247. Necessary for a choice: 124.)

Source: Congressional Record, 44-2, 6.

Note: Congressional Record miscounts total votes as 246 and necessary to a choice as 114.

45th Congress (Election Date: October 15, 1877)

Samuel J. Randall (D-Pa.) was elected on the first ballot. Randall received 149 votes to 132 for James A. Garfield. (Total votes: 281. Necessary for a choice: 141.)

Source: Congressional Record, 45-1, 53.

46th Congress (Election Date: March 18, 1879)

Samuel J. Randall (D-Pa.) was elected on the first ballot. Randall received 144 votes to 125 for James A. Garfield, 13 for Hendrick B. Wright, and 1 for William D. Kelley (Total votes: 283. Necessary to a choice: 142.)

Source: Congressional Record, 46-1, 5.

47th Congress (Election Date: December 5, 1881)

J. Warren Keifer (R-Ohio) was elected on the first ballot. Keifer received 148 votes to 129 for Samuel J. Randall and 8 for Nicholas Ford (Total votes: 285. Necessary for a choice: 143.)

(p.356) Source: Congressional Record, 47-1, 8–9.

Note: Congressional Record notes 8 members not voting.

48th Congress (Election Date: December 3, 1883)

John G. Carlisle (D-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Carlisle received 190 votes to 113 for J. Warren Keifer, 2 for George D. Robinson, 1 for E. S. Lacey, 1 for J. W. Wasdworth, and 1 for John S. Wise (Total votes: 308. Necessary for a choice: 155.)

Source: Congressional Record, 48-1, 4–5.

Note: Congressional Record notes 13 members not voting.

49th Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1885)

John G. Carlisle (D-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Carlisle received 178 votes to 138 for Thomas B. Reed (Total votes: 316. Necessary for a choice: 159.)

Source: Congressional Record, 49-1, 106–7.

Note: Congressional Record notes 9 members not voting.

50th Congress (Election Date: December 5, 1887)

John G. Carlisle (D-Ky.) was elected on the first ballot. Carlisle received 163 votes to 147 for Thomas B. Reed and 2 for Charles N. Brumm. (Total votes: 312. Necessary for a choice: 157.)

Source: Congressional Record, 50-1, 6.

Note: Congressional Record notes 13 members not voting.

51st Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1889)

Thomas B. Reed (R-Maine) was elected on the first ballot. Reed received 166 votes to 154 for John G. Carlisle and 1 for Amos J. Cummings. (Total votes: 321. Necessary for a choice: 161.)

Source: Congressional Record, 51-1, 80–81.

52nd Congress (Election Date: December 8, 1891)

Charles F. Crisp (D-Ga.) was elected on the first ballot. Crisp received 228 votes to 83 for Thomas B. Reed and 8 for Thomas E. Watson. (Total votes: 319. Necessary for a choice: 160.)

Source: Congressional Record, 52-1, 7–8.

Note: Congressional Record notes 12 members not voting.

53rd Congress (Election Date: August 7, 1893)

Charles F. Crisp (D-Ga.) was elected on the first ballot. Crisp received 213 votes to 121 for Thomas B. Reed and 8 for Jerry Simpson. (Total votes: 342. Necessary for a choice: 122.)

Source: Congressional Record, 53-1, 201.

Note: Congressional Record reports that 343 votes were cast. It also (p.357) lists eight names under Simpson’s column while reporting a vote total of seven. The New York Times (August 8, 1893, 2) reports 343 votes cast, with Crisp receiving 214, Reed 122, and Simpson 7, but provides no individual votes.

54th Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1895)

Thomas B. Reed (R-Maine) was elected on the first ballot. Reed received 240 votes to 95 for Charles F. Crisp, 6 for John C. Bell, and 1 for David B. Culberson. (Total votes: 342. Necessary for a choice: 172.)

Source: Congressional Record, 54-1, 3–4.

55th Congress (Election Date: March 15, 1897)

Thomas B. Reed (R-Maine) was elected on the first ballot. Reed received 200 votes to 114 for Joseph W. Bailey, 21 for John C. Bell, and 1 for Francis G. Newlands. (Total votes: 336. Necessary for a choice: 169.)

Source: Congressional Record, 55-1, 15.

56th Congress (Election Date: December 4, 1899)

David B. Henderson (R-Iowa) was elected on the first ballot. Henderson received 181 votes to 156 for James D. Richardson, 4 for John C. Bell, and 2 for Francis G. Newlands. (Total votes: 343. Necessary for a choice: 172.)

Source: Congressional Record, 56-1, 4–5.

Note: Congressional Record notes 12 members not voting.

Note: The House Clerk in the Congressional Record reports that tellers announced the following tally: Henderson 177, Richardson 153, Bell 4, and Newlands 2. The individual accounting, however, corresponds to the 181 (Henderson) and 156 (Richardson) reported above.

57th Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1901)

David B. Henderson (R-Iowa) was elected on the first ballot. Henderson received 192 votes to 152 for James D. Richardson, 1 for William L. Stark, and 1 for Amos J. Cummings. (Total votes: 346. Necessary for a choice: 174.)

Source: Congressional Record, 57-1, 44.

Note: Congressional Record notes 9 members not voting.

58th Congress (Election Date: November 9, 1903)

Joseph G. Cannon (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Cannon received 198 votes to 167 for John Sharp Williams. (Total votes: 365. Necessary for a choice: 183.)

Source: Congressional Record, 58-1, 147–48.

Note: Congressional Record notes 19 members not voting.

(p.358) 59th Congress (Election Date: December 4, 1905)

Joseph G. Cannon (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Cannon received 243 votes to 128 for John Sharp Williams. (Total votes: 371. Necessary for a choice: 186.)

Source: Congressional Record, 59-1, 40–41.

Note: Congressional Record notes 15 members not voting.

60th Congress (Election Date: December 2, 1907)

Joseph G. Cannon (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Cannon received 213 votes to 162 for John Sharp Williams. (Total votes: 375. Necessary to a choice: 188.)

Source: Congressional Record, 60-1, 4–5.

Note: Congressional Record notes 13 members not voting.

61st Congress (Election Date: March 15, 1909)

Joseph G. Cannon (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Cannon received 204 votes to 166 for Champ Clark, 8 for Henry A. Cooper, 2 for George W. Norris, 1 for John J. Esch, and 1 for William P. Hepburn. (Total votes: 382. Necessary for a choice: 192.)

Source: Congressional Record, 61-1, 18.

Note: Congressional Record notes 7 members not voting.

62nd Congress (Election Date: April 4, 1911)

Champ Clark (D-Mo.) was elected on the first ballot. Clark received 220 votes to 131 for James A. Mann, 16 for Henry A. Cooper, and 1 for George W. Norris. (Total votes: 368. Necessary for a choice: 185.)

Source: Congressional Record, 62-1, 6–7.

Note: Congressional Record notes 1 member voting “present.” This was not included in the total number of votes cast, as it would be later (beginning in 1915).

63rd Congress (Election Date: April 7, 1913)

Champ Clark (D-Mo.) was elected on the first ballot. Clark received 272 votes to 111 for James A. Mann, 18 for Victor Murdock, 4 for Henry A. Cooper, and 1 for John M. Nelson. (Total votes: 406. Necessary for a choice: 204.)

Source: Congressional Record, 63-1, 63–64.

64th Congress (Election Date: December 6, 1915)

Champ Clark (D-Mo.) was elected on the first ballot. Clark received 222 votes to 195 for James A. Mann and 5 answering “present.” (Total votes: 422. Necessary for a choice: 212.)

Source: Congressional Record, 64-1, 5–6.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

(p.359) 65th Congress (Election Date: April 2, 1917)

Champ Clark (D-Mo.) was elected on the first ballot. Clark received 217 votes to 205 for James A. Mann, 2 for Frederick H. Gillett, 2 for Irvine L. Enroot, and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 428. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record, 65-1, 107–8.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

66th Congress (Election Date: May 19, 1919)

Frederick H. Gillett (R-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. Gillett received 228 votes to 172 for Champ Clark. (Total votes: 400. Necessary for a choice: 201.)

Source: Congressional Record, 66-1, 7–8.

67th Congress (Election Date: April 11, 1921)

Frederick H. Gillett (R-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. Gillett received 297 votes to 122 for Claude Kitchin and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 420. Necessary for a choice: 221.)

Source: Congressional Record, 67-1, 79–80.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

68th Congress (December 5, 1923)

Frederick H. Gillett (R-Mass.) was elected on the ninth ballot.

Source: Congressional Record, 68-1, 8–13, 15–16.

Note: Congressional Record notes 4, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, and 4 members answering “present” on ballots 1 through 9, respectively. Unlike the speakership elections in the 64th, 65th, and 67th Congresses, however, these assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers (or the Clerk).

December 3, 1923

Dec. 4

Dec. 5

Ballot:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Frederick H. Gillett

197

194

195

197

197

195

196

197

215

Finis J. Garrett

195

194

196

196

197

197

198

198

197

Henry A. Cooper

17

17

17

17

17

17

17

17

Martin B. Madden

5

6

5

5

5

5

5

5

2

Total votes

414

411

413

415

416

414

416

417

414

Necessary for a choice

208

206

207

208

209

208

209

209

208

69th Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1925)

Nicholas Longworth (R-Ohio) was elected on the first ballot. Long-worth received 229 votes to 173 for Finis J. Garrett, and 13 for (p.360) Henry A. Cooper, and 5 answering “present.” (Total votes: 420. Necessary for a choice: 221.)

Source: Congressional Record, 69-1, 381.

Note: Unlike the speakership election in the 68th Congress, but like the speakership elections in the 64th, 65th, and 67th Congresses, the assertions of being “present” (by 5 members) were counted as votes by the tellers.

70th Congress (Election Date: December 5, 1927)

Nicholas Longworth (R-Ohio) was elected on the first ballot. Long-worth received 225 votes to 187 for Finis J. Garrett, and 5 answering “present.” (Total votes: 417. Necessary for a choice: 209.)

Source: Congressional Record, 70-1, 7–8.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

71st Congress (Election Date: April 15, 1929)

Nicholas Longworth (R-Ohio) was elected on the first ballot. Long-worth received 254 votes to 143 for John N. Garner, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 398. Necessary for a choice: 200.)

Source: Congressional Record, 71-1, 23–24.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

72nd Congress (Election Date: December 7, 1931)

John N. Garner (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Garner received 218 votes to 207 for Bertrand H. Snell, 5 for George J. Schneider, and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 430. Necessary for a choice: 216.)

Source: Congressional Record, 72-1, 8.

Note: Like the speakership election in the 68th Congress but unlike the speakership elections in the 64th, 65th, 67th, and 69th–71st Congresses, the assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers.

73rd Congress (Election Date: March 9, 1933)

Henry T. Rainey (D-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Rainey received 302 votes to 110 for Bertrand H. Snell, 5 for Paul J. Kvale, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 418. Necessary for a choice: 210.)

Source: Congressional Record, 73-1, 69–70.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

Note: Rainey died on August 19, 1934, two months after the conclusion of the 73rd Congress.

74th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1935)

Joseph W. Byrns (D-Tenn.) was elected on the first ballot. Byrns received (p.361) 317 votes to 95 for Bertrand H. Snell, 9 for George J. Schneider, 2 for H. P. Lambertson, and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 426. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 74-1, 11.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Byrns died on June 4, 1936, during the second session of the 74th Congress.

74th Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: June 4, 1936)

William B. Bankhead (D-Ala.) was elected via resolution moved by John J. O’Connor (D-N.Y.).

Source: Congressional Record, 74-2, 9016.

75th Congress (Election Date: January 5, 1937)

William B. Bankhead (D-Ala.) was elected on the first ballot. Bankhead received 324 votes to 83 for Bertrand H. Snell, 10 for George J. Schneider, 2 for Fred L. Crawford, and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 422. Necessary for a choice: 212.)

Source: Congressional Record, 75-1, 11.

Note: Congressional Record notes the individual vote tallies above, but reports that 421 votes were cast.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

76th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1939)

William B. Bankhead (D-Ala.) was elected on the first ballot. Bankhead received 249 votes to 168 for Joseph W. Martin Jr., 1 for Bernard J. Gehrmann, 1 for Merlin Hull, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 420. Necessary for a choice: 211.)

Source: Congressional Record, 76-1, 10–11.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

Note: Bankhead died on September 15, 1940, during the third session of the 76th Congress.

76th Congress—Replacement Election (election Date: September 16, 1940)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected via resolution moved by John W. McCormack (D-Mass.).

Source: Congressional Record, 76-3, 12231.

77th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1941)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 247 votes, to 159 for Joseph W. Martin Jr., 2 for Merlin Hull, 1 for Bernard J. Gehrmann, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 410. Necessary for a choice: 206.)

(p.362) Source: Congressional Record, 77-1, 6–7.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

78th Congress (Election Date: January 6, 1943)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 217 votes to 206 for Joseph W. Martin Jr., Harry Sauthoff, 1 for Merlin Hull, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 426. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 78-1, 6.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

79th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1945)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 224 votes to 168 for Joseph W. Martin Jr., and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 394. Necessary for a choice: 198.)

Source: Congressional Record, 79-1, 8.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

80th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1947)

Joseph W. Martin Jr. (R-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. Martin received 244 votes to 182 for Sam Rayburn. (Total votes: 426. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 80-1, 35.

81st Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1949)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 255 votes to 160 for Joseph W. Martin Jr. and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 416. Necessary for a choice: 209.)

Source: Congressional Record, 81-1, 8–9.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 16 members not voting.

82nd Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1951)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 231 votes to 192 for Joseph W. Martin Jr. and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 426. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 82-1, 7.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 8 members not voting.

83rd Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1953)

Joseph W. Martin Jr. (R-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. Martin received 220 votes to 201 for Sam Rayburn and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 424. Necessary for a choice: 213.)

(p.363) Source: Congressional Record, 83-1, 13.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 9 members not voting.

84th Congress (Election Date: January 5, 1955)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 228 votes to 198 for Joseph W. Martin Jr. and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 426. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 84-1, 8–9.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers (similar to 68th and 72nd Congresses).

Note: Congressional Record notes 6 members not voting.

85th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1957)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 227 votes to 199 for Joseph W. Martin Jr. and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 428. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record, 85-1, 45–46.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 5 members not voting.

86th Congress (Election Date: January 7, 1959)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 281 votes to 148 for Charles A. Halleck and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 431. Necessary for a choice: 216.)

Source: Congressional Record, 86-1, 13.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes the individual vote tallies above but (mistakenly) reports that the tellers attributed 149 votes to Halleck.

Note: Congressional Record notes 5 members not voting.

87th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1961)

Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Rayburn received 258 votes to 170 for Charles A. Halleck and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 430. Necessary for a choice: 216.)

Source: Congressional Record, 87-1, 22–23.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Rayburn died on November 16, 1961, between the first and second sessions of the 87th Congress.

87th Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: January 10, 1962)

John W. McCormack (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. McCormack (p.364) received 248 votes to 166 for Charles A. Halleck and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 414. Necessary for a choice: 208.)

Source: Congressional Record, 87-2, 5.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 13 members not voting.

88th Congress (Election Date: January 9, 1963)

John W. McCormack (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. McCormack received 256 votes to 175 for Charles A. Halleck and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 433. Necessary for a choice: 217.)

Source: Congressional Record, 88-1, 11–12.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

89th Congress (Election Date: January 4, 1965)

John W. McCormack (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. McCormack received 289 votes to 139 for Gerald R. Ford, and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 428. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record, 89-1, 17.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers.

90th Congress (Election Date: January 10, 1967)

John W. McCormack (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. McCormack received 246 votes to 186 for Gerald R. Ford and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 432. Necessary for a choice: 217.)

Source: Congressional Record, 90-1, 12–13.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers.

91st Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1969)

John W. McCormack (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. McCormack received 241 votes to 187 for Gerald R. Ford and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 428. Necessary for a choice: 216.)

Source: Congressional Record, 91-1, 13–14.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers.

92nd Congress (Election Date: January 21, 1971)

Carl Albert (D-Okla.) was elected on the first ballot. Albert received 250 votes to 176 for Gerald R. Ford. (Total votes: 426. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 92-1, 10–11.

(p.365) 93rd Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1973)

Carl Albert (D-Okla.) was elected on the first ballot. Albert received 236 votes to 188 for Gerald R. Ford. (Total votes: 424. Necessary for a choice: 213.)

Source: Congressional Record, 93-1, 13.

94th Congress (Election Date: January 14, 1975)

Carl Albert (D-Okla.) was elected on the first ballot. Albert received 287 votes to 143 for John J. Rhodes and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 432. Necessary for a choice: 217.)

Source: Congressional Record, 94-1, 17.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

95th Congress (Election Date: January 4, 1977)

Thomas P. O’Neill Jr. (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. O’Neill received 290 votes to 142 for John J. Rhodes and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 434. Necessary for a choice: 218.)

Source: Congressional Record, 95-1, 50–51.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

96th Congress (Election Date: January 15, 1979)

Thomas P. O’Neill Jr. (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. O’Neill received 268 votes to 152 for John J. Rhodes and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 422. Necessary for a choice: 212.)

Source: Congressional Record, 96-1, 4–5.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

97th Congress (Election Date: January 5, 1981)

Thomas P. O’Neill Jr. (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. O’Neill received 234 votes to 182 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 418. Necessary for a choice: 210.)

Source: Congressional Record, 97-1, 94–95.

Note: Congressional Record notes the individual vote tallies above but reports that the tellers counted 419 total votes.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record also notes 2 members not voting.

98th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1983)

Thomas P. O’Neill Jr. (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. O’Neill received 260 votes to 155 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 417. Necessary for a choice: 209.)

Source: Congressional Record, 98-1, 30–31.

Note: Congressional Record notes the individual vote tally for O’Neill was 259, different from the 260 reported by the tellers.

(p.366) Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record also notes 2 members not voting.

99th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1985)

Thomas P. O’Neill Jr. (D-Mass.) was elected on the first ballot. O’Neill received 247 votes to 175 for Robert M. Michel and 3 answering “present.” (Total votes: 425. Necessary for a choice: 213.)

Source: Congressional Record, 99-1, 378–79.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

100th Congress (Election Date: January 6, 1987)

Jim Wright (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Wright received 254 votes to 173 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 429. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record, 100-1, 2–3.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

101st Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1989)

Jim Wright (D-Tex.) was elected on the first ballot. Wright received 253 votes to 170 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 425. Necessary for a choice: 213.)

Source: Congressional Record, 101-1, 68.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 1 member not voting.

Note: Wright resigned from the House of Representatives on June 6, 1989, during the first session of the 101st Congress.

101st Congress—Replacement Election (Election Date: June 6, 1989)

Thomas S. Foley (D-Wash.) was elected on the first ballot. Foley received 251 votes to 164 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 417. Necessary for a choice: 209.)

Source: Congressional Record, 101-1, 10800–801.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 17 members not voting.

102nd Congress (Election Date: January 3, 1991)

Thomas S. Foley (D-Wash.) was elected on the first ballot. Foley received 262 votes to 165 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 429. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record, 102-1, pp. 36–37.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 1 member not voting.

(p.367) 103rd Congress (Election Date: January 5, 1993)

Thomas S. Foley (D-Wash.) was elected on the first ballot. Foley received 255 votes to 172 for Robert M. Michel and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 431. Necessary for a choice: 216.)

Source: Congressional Record, 103-1, 46–47.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 1 member not voting.

104th Congress (Election Date: January 4, 1995)

Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) was elected on the first ballot. Gingrich received 228 votes to 202 for Richard A. Gephardt and 4 answering “present.” (Total votes: 434. Necessary for a choice: 218.)

Source: Congressional Record, 104-1, 441–42.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

105th Congress (Election Date: January 7, 1997)

Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) was elected on the first ballot. Gingrich received 216 votes to 205 for Richard A. Gephardt, 2 for James Leach, 1 for Robert M. Michel, 1 for Robert Walker, and 6 answering “present.” (Total votes: 425. Necessary for a choice: 213.)

Source: Congressional Record, 105-1, 117.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers. Tally was based explicitly on “votes cast for a person by name.”

Note: Congressional Record notes 1 member not voting.

Note: An issue was raised about Gingrich not receiving a majority of all members-elect. The House Clerk used the 1923 (68th House) case as a precedent—explicitly citing Cannon’s Precedents, vol. 6, section 24—stating that a majority of members-elect present and voting by surname was the principle.

106th Congress (Election Date: January 6, 1999)

J. Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Hastert received 222 votes to 205 for Richard A. Gephardt and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 427. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 106-1, 43.

Note: Congressional Record notes mistakenly report the individual vote tallies for Hastert as 220 but accurately record the tellers’ tally as 222.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 7 members not voting.

(p.368) 107th Congress (Election Date: January 3, 2001)

J. Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Hastert received 222 votes to 206 for Richard A. Gephardt, 1 for John P. Murtha, and 2 answering “present.” (Total votes: 429. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record, 107-1, 21.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were not counted as votes by the tellers. Tally was based explicitly on “votes cast for a person by name.”

Note: Congressional Record notes 3 members not voting.

108th Congress (Election Date: January 7, 2003)

J. Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Hastert received 228 votes to 201 for Nancy Pelosi, 1 for John P. Murtha, and 4 answering “present.” (Total votes: 434. Necessary for a choice: 218.)

Source: Congressional Record, 108-1, 3–4.

Note: Assertions of being “present” were counted as votes by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 1 member not voting.

109th Congress (Election Date: January 4, 2005)

J. Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) was elected on the first ballot. Hastert received 226 votes to 199 for Nancy Pelosi, 1 for John P. Murtha, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 427. Necessary for a choice: 214.)

Source: Congressional Record, 109-1, 37–38.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was counted as a vote by the tellers.

Note: Congressional Record notes 7 members not voting.

110th Congress (Election Date: January 4, 2007)

Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) was elected on the first ballot. Pelosi received 233 votes to 202 for John A. Boehner. (Total votes: 435. Necessary for a choice: 218.)

Source: Congressional Record, 110-1, 3.

111th Congress (Election Date: January 6, 2009)

Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) was elected on the first ballot. Pelosi received 255 votes to 174 for John A. Boehner. (Total votes: 429. Necessary for a choice: 215.)

Source: Congressional Record Daily, 111-1, H3–4.

Note: Congressional Record notes 5 members not voting.

112th Congress (Election Date: January 5, 2011)

John A. Boeher (R-Ohio) was elected on the first ballot. Boehner received 241 votes to 173 for Nancy Pelosi, 11 for Heath Shuler, 2 for John Lewis, 1 for Jim Costa, 1 for Dennis Cardoza, 1 for Jim Cooper, (p.369) 1 for Marcy Kaptur, 1 for Steny Hoyer, and 1 answering “present.” (Total votes: 432. Necessary for a choice: 217.)

Source: Congressional Record Daily, 112-1, H3.

Note: Assertion of being “present” was not counted as a vote by the tellers. Tally was based explicitly on “votes cast for a person by name.”

Note: Congressional Record notes 2 members not voting.