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Paths Out of DixieThe Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972$
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Robert Mickey

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691133386

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.001.0001

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“Integration with Dignity”

“Integration with Dignity”

South Carolina Navigates the Clemson Crisis

Chapter:
(p.215) Chapter Seven “Integration with Dignity”
Source:
Paths Out of Dixie
Author(s):

Robert Mickey

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0008

This chapter examines how the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education sparked a crisis over the desegregation of Clemson College in South Carolina. Prior to Brown, South Carolina's rulers sought to preempt the invalidation of state-mandated segregation by improving black education. After the ruling, they launched a strategy of massive resistance: decrying, deterring, and deferring threats to white supremacy in the public sphere. The chapter first reviews the state of black education before Brown and South Carolina's attempts to preempt the decision. It then considers the state's responses to Brown in the 1950s and early 1960s, showing that its leaders attacked both white civil society and black protest organizations. It also describes how the state bolstered its institutional resources to manage democratization pressures and concludes with an assessment of how politicians capitalized on ruling party cohesion and an improved coercive apparatus to navigate the Clemson crisis.

Keywords:   desegregation, U.S. Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education, Clemson College, South Carolina, black education, massive resistance, white supremacy, black protest, democratization

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