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Secret Reports on Nazi GermanyThe Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort$
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Franz Neumann, Herbert Marcuse, Otto Kirchheimer, and Raffaele Laudani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691134130

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.001.0001

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The Attempt on Hitler’s Life and its Consequences

The Attempt on Hitler’s Life and its Consequences

(July 27, 1944)

(p.133) 11 The Attempt on Hitler’s Life and its Consequences
Secret Reports on Nazi Germany

Franz Neumann

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the political implications of the latest attempt on Adolf Hitler's life in relation to German morale at the time of the report. It first considers some of the principles for the evaluation of German morale: for example, the ruling group in Nazi Germany was made up of four segments: Nazi Party hierarchy, Armed Forces leadership, industrial and financial leaders, and high civil servants. In addition, in the course of World War II, the political power of the industrial leadership and of the civil servants had diminished to such a degree that they could assert themselves only by attempting to influence either Party or Army. The chapter proceeds by linking the timing of the attempt on Hitler's life to the impending transfer of the Home Army to Heinrich Himmler. It also analyzes the political character of the group behind the conspiracy to kill Hitler before concluding with a discussion of the political consequences of the failed assassination attempt.

Keywords:   civil servants, Adolf Hitler, morale, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Armed Forces, World War II, Heinrich Himmler, conspiracy, assassination attempt

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