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Creating WineThe Emergence of a World Industry, 1840-1914$
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James Simpson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691136035

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691136035.001.0001

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Phylloxera and the Development of Scientific Viti-Viniculture

Phylloxera and the Development of Scientific Viti-Viniculture

Chapter:
(p.30) Chapter 2 Phylloxera and the Development of Scientific Viti-Viniculture
Source:
Creating Wine
Author(s):

James Simpson

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691136035.003.0002

This chapter examines the growth in wine consumption in the second half of the nineteenth century and shows the impact of phylloxera on the French market, and how the stimulus of higher international prices led to a wine boom in Spain. At the time, Europe's growers, winemakers, and merchants had to adapt to some important changes. On the demand side, the decline in transport costs produced by the railways, rapid urbanization, and rising incomes led to per capita wine consumption in France reaching more than 160 liters in the 1900s, and there were significant increases in other countries. The growth in consumption was all the more impressive given that the vine disease phylloxera vastatrix destroyed large areas of Europe's vineyards. In addition, the chapter discusses the development of scientific viticulture and wine making, and the appearance of large-scale wineries in the Midi and Algeria.

Keywords:   wine consumption, phylloxera, phylloxera vastatrix, vineyards, scientific viticulture, Spain, France, wine boom, wine making, wine market

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