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The Soldier and the Changing StateBuilding Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas$
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Zoltan Barany

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691137681

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001

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After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary

After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary

Chapter:
(p.47) Chapter 2 After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary
Source:
The Soldier and the Changing State
Author(s):

Zoltan Barany

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0003

This chapter examines the democratization of civil–military relations in two former fascist dictatorships, postwar Germany and Japan, whose armies had destroyed and terrorized large swathes of the surrounding territory. The creation of lasting democratic regimes on the ashes of these dictatorships stands as the signal achievement of democracy promotion. An important part of this process was the building of the new West German and Japanese armed forces. On the other hand, Hungary after World War II illustrates the trajectory of military politics in numerous European states where domestic political forces were defeated by the Soviet Union and its native communist puppets. The chapter then considers the evolution of Hungarian civil–military relations from the end of the war until the March 1953 death of Joseph Stalin, which is a suitable point to mark the consolidation of the Soviet-controlled communist regime and the completion of the armed forces' transformation.

Keywords:   civil–military relations, fascist dictatorship, postwar Germany, Japan, democratic regimes, armed forces, Hungary, military politics, Soviet Union, communist regime

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