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Status in Classical Athens$
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Deborah Kamen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691138138

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.001.0001

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Disenfranchised Citizens (Atimoi)

Disenfranchised Citizens (Atimoi)

(p.71) Chapter 7 Disenfranchised Citizens (Atimoi)
Status in Classical Athens

Deborah Kamen

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the legal and social status of atimoi. The very word atimos, meaning both “deprived of civic offices” and “deprived of honor,” encapsulates both the degraded political status and the degraded social status of such individuals. How a given atimos was viewed socially likely depended at least in part on the type of offense he had committed (the more egregious the offense, the lower his honor), as well as the type and degree of atimia he suffered: partial versus total, temporary versus permanent, and perhaps especially whether he was atimos automatically or by sentence. State debtors lost their claims to property, whereas other atimoi did not. Atimoi of all stripes had control over their own labor, but their movement was greatly restricted.

Keywords:   legal status, social status, atimoi, classical Athens, Greece, disenfranchised citizens

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