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Status in Classical Athens$
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Deborah Kamen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691138138

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.001.0001

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Full Citizens: Male

Full Citizens: Male

(p.87) (p.97) Chapter 10 Full Citizens: Male
Status in Classical Athens

Deborah Kamen

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on male citizens. In theory, all male citizens were equal. However, variations existed within the male citizen population, with some groups restricted (officially or unofficially) from holding office or compelled to pay extra taxes. Age was one determining factor, since one could be too young or too old to perform the full set of citizen rights. Wealth was another important factor, affecting in several ways the degree to which one could participate in the polis and also the level of timē one could attain. Poor citizens, constrained by their limited resources and their obligation to perform labor, could not exercise full-fledged citizenship and were socially degraded as compared to their richer fellow-citizens. Mostly likely, they felt threatened by the existence of wealthy slaves and rich metics, who despite their inferior legal status occupied a higher socioeconomic status than they did.

Keywords:   male citizens, classical Athens, Greece, male citizenship, Athenian men, legal status, social status

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