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Philosophy of Language$
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Scott Soames

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780691138664

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.001.0001

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Apriority, Aposteriority, and Actuality

Apriority, Aposteriority, and Actuality

(p.131) Chapter Six Apriority, Aposteriority, and Actuality
Philosophy of Language

Scott Soames

Princeton University Press

The conception of logical truth as truth in all models is attributed to Tarski, while the conception of analytic truth as one that can be reduced to logical truths is mainly attributed to Frege. We owe Stalnaker and Lewis for the conception of counterfactual consequence as truth in all “closest” world-states in which the initial set is true. We owe Kripke for the identification of metaphysical necessity, and the clear distinction between necessity and apriority. These advances, sketched in earlier chapters, have changed the face of philosophy. This chapter attempts to extend those lessons by combining the earlier discussions of rigid designation, direct reference, and indexicality with Chapter 5's account of world-states.

Keywords:   language, philosophy, Alfred Tarski, Gottlob Frege, Robert Stalnaker, David Lewis, Saul Kripke, world-states

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