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Power LinesPhoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest$
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Andrew Needham

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691139067

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.001.0001

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Turquoise and Turboprops

Turquoise and Turboprops

Chapter:
(p.91) Chapter 3 Turquoise and Turboprops
Source:
Power Lines
Author(s):

Andrew Needham

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.003.0004

This chapter examines how manufacturing passed agriculture as the Phoenix's largest economic sector. By 1960, manufacturing employed thirty thousand people and generated income of $435 million in Phoenix, compared to fewer than one thousand employees and income of $5 million twenty years earlier. It also remade the landscape. In Phoenix's industrial boom, the “clean” factories of companies located operations outside of Phoenix's traditional industrial areas south of downtown, creating a landscape labeled “industrial garden”—a booster dreamscape in which “neighborhoods and factories, workers and managers, homes and highways were to coexist in a delicate balance.” The demand of “clean” industries for ever increasing amounts of electricity grew at double-digit rates annually from 1950 to 1965. This demand represented not only the manifestations of a new industrial landscape, it also reflected the increasing political power of Phoenix's boosters and others like them across the West within the postwar American political economy.

Keywords:   manufacturing, agriculture, Phoenix, industrial boom, industrial garden, clean factories, electricity, industrial landscape, political power, postwar American political economy

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