This chapter focuses on magnetoconvection, which refers to thermal convection of an electrically conducting fluid within a background magnetic field maintained by some external mechanism. It first provides a brief overview of magnetohydrodynamics and the magnetohydrodynamic equations before explaining how to make a 2D model of magnetic field. In this approach, the case of a uniform vertical background field and the case of a uniform horizontal background field are both considered. The chapter then describes how one could simulate a case of a uniform background field that is tilted relative to both the vertical and horizontal axes. It also considers what can be learned about the stability and structure of magnetoconvection and the dispersion relation for magneto-gravity waves from analytical analyses without the nonlinear terms. Finally, it discusses nonlinear simulations of magnetoconvection in a box with impermeable side boundaries, along with magnetoconvection with a horizontal background field and an arbitrary background field.
Keywords: magnetoconvection, thermal convection, magnetic field, magnetohydrodynamics, magnetohydrodynamic equations, dispersion relation, magneto-gravity waves, nonlinear simulations, horizontal background field, arbitrary background field
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