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Power to the PeopleEnergy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries$
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Astrid Kander, Paolo Malanima, and Paul Warde

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691143620

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.001.0001

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Traditional Sources

Traditional Sources

Chapter:
(p.37) Chapter Three Traditional Sources
Source:
Power to the People
Author(s):

Malanima Paolo

Astrid Kander

Paul Warde

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0003

This chapter focuses on traditional energy sources in Europe. It first provides an overview of energy sources and energy consumption in premodern Europe before discussing organic energy sources and agricultures, looking in particular at food demand, a global perspective on the European agriculture, intensification and population, working animals, animal power, forests, firewood consumption, and coal and peat as fuels. The chapter proceeds by considering three non-organic energy sources, namely: gunpowder, water, and wind. Finally, it describes seven long-run propositions regarding Europe's energy system in an economic context: predominance of reproducible sources; energy supply and demand are closely related to climate; transport costs are a major barrier to growth; the economy is limited by low power; high energy intensity and low energy productivity; a diffuse geography of energy; and higher European than non-European consumption of energy.

Keywords:   energy sources, Europe, energy consumption, organic energy sources, agriculture, non-organic energy sources, energy supply, energy demand, climate, energy productivity

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