Freedom, Happiness, and the Reasonable Self
This chapter explains that for Locke, the capacity to experience freedom is tied to the capacity to make probable judgments. Although Locke joins Thomas Hobbes in arguing that liberty is a type of self-expression through action, he insists that it also requires a type of self-transcendence through judgment. Locke argues that man's “reasonableness” cannot simply be measured by internal coherence, but must always be gauged by his conformity to that which lies outside. It is man's ability to adjust his behavior to the authoritative signs of nature that ultimately makes his free self capable of self-governance. By learning to make judgments based on nature's probable deliverances, individuals become both reasonable and free.
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