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The Makings of Indonesian IslamOrientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past$
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Michael Laffan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691145303

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691145303.001.0001

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Shadow Muftis, Christian Modern, 1892–1906

Shadow Muftis, Christian Modern, 1892–1906

(p.162) Chapter Nine Shadow Muftis, Christian Modern, 1892–1906
The Makings of Indonesian Islam

Michael Laffan

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the position of those who opposed Snouck's authority, seeing his “ethical” policies for the modernization of the Muslim Indies as a part of a longer-term project of Christianization. In his role as unofficial mufti of the undeniably Muslim Netherlands Indies, Snouck was perceived as servant to state and Islam alike. Such services would irritate the missionaries who had originally provided the scholar with his ethnographic data and a warm welcome. They also angered those Muslims who were not the direct beneficiaries of his policies, most especially those with an interest in connecting with the Ottoman Empire and its periodicals. To that end, it is ironic that their globally oriented attacks on the Dutchman were framed in terms of policing the boundaries of Sufi practice supposedly transgressed by Hasan Mustafa. Moreover, while the missionaries thought Snouck was Islamizing Java, some Arabs feared that his projects were geared to easing a path for Christianity.

Keywords:   Snouck Hurgronje, Muslim Indies, Christianization, mufti, Netherlands Indies, Ottoman Empire, Sufi practice, Hasan Mustafa, Christianity, Islam

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