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The Makings of Indonesian IslamOrientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past$
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Michael Laffan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691145303

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691145303.001.0001

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From Sufism to Salafism, 1905–11

From Sufism to Salafism, 1905–11

(p.177) Chapter Ten From Sufism to Salafism, 1905–11
The Makings of Indonesian Islam

Michael Laffan

Princeton University Press

This chapter traces the ongoing debates about Sufism in relation to changing notions of orthodoxy, focusing on the new Salafi movement of Muhammad ʻAbduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida. As a part of their platform to reorder Muslim society, this movement called upon Muslims to break with the older patronage networks organized around the tariqa and the sayyid. Their goals could be harmonized for a time: both wanted to restrict Sufism to the elite once more and promoted extending a proper understanding of Shariʻa to a widening circle of readers. There were tensions inherent in this “harmony,” however, and they led inevitably to the collapse of the sayyid-led reforms and to the genesis of an increasingly bifurcated public sphere in the Netherlands Indies. Going forward, the various strands of the “modernist” Muslim movement will seek to take the lead under the aegis of the Office for Native Affairs.

Keywords:   Sufism, orthodoxy, Salafi movement, Muhammad ʻAbduh, Muhammad Rashid Rida, Muslim society, Shariʻa, sayyid-led reforms, Netherlands Indies, Office for Native Affairs

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