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Europe and the Islamic WorldA History$
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John Tolan, Henry Laurens, and Gilles Veinstein

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147055

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.001.0001

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Ottoman Europe

Ottoman Europe

An Ancient Fracture

Chapter:
(p.149) Chapter 7 Ottoman Europe
Source:
Europe and the Islamic World
Author(s):

John Tolan

Gilles Veinstein

Henry Laurens

, Jane Marie Todd
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0008

This chapter details the characteristics of that “other Europe” resulting from the Ottoman conquest: a multiethnic and multifaith Europe under the domination of the Crescent. Throughout much of the modern age, a large part of Europe—a quarter or a third of the continent—was under the political domination of Islam. That fracture within the continent was not new. To a large extent, Ottoman Europe simply covered the pars orientalis of the continent, the religious and cultural sphere of influence of Constantinople, in opposition to that of Rome. Hence the Ottoman conquest ultimately followed a much more ancient cleavage. The presence of the “infidels” in Europe and the threat it posed constituted the worst of scandals for Christendom.

Keywords:   Ottoman Europe, Ottoman conquest, Islam, Hungary, infidels, Ottoman domination

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