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Europe and the Islamic WorldA History$
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John Tolan, Henry Laurens, and Gilles Veinstein

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147055

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.001.0001

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The Islamic-Christian Border in Europe

The Islamic-Christian Border in Europe

Chapter:
(p.186) Chapter 9 The Islamic-Christian Border in Europe
Source:
Europe and the Islamic World
Author(s):

John Tolan

Gilles Veinstein

Henry Laurens

, Jane Marie Todd
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0010

This chapter highlights another consequence of the schism between the two Europes (unequally represented in contemporary European memory): the existence of an Islamic–Christian border running through the middle of the continent. That border was the site of permanent confrontations, both physical and symbolic, but also of mutual exchanges and influences. A striking expression of these influences can be found in the twin sociomilitary organizations that, under various designations and with characteristics proper to each, were a constant on both sides, along the entire length of the land and sea border. On that demarcation line dividing Europe, alternative societies arising from the social and religious tensions of the interior faced off. This space between, this world apart, tended to play by its own rules when negotiating the relationship between states and, when necessary, came to disrupt the modus vivendi these states set in place.

Keywords:   Islamic–Christian border, schism, religious tensions, sociomilitary organizations, alternative societies, Christianity, Islam

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