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Mere Possibilities
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Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics

Robert Stalnaker

Abstract

It seems reasonable to believe that there might have existed things other than those that in fact exist, or have existed. But how should we understand such claims? Standard semantic theories exploit the Leibnizian metaphor of a set of all possible worlds: a proposition might or must be true if it is true in some or all possible worlds. The actualist, who believes that nothing exists except what actually exists, prefers to talk of possible states of the world, or of ways that a world might be. But even the actualist still faces the problem of explaining what we are talking about when we talk ab ... More

Keywords: semantic theory, possible worlds, actualist, individual essence, semantics, metaphysics, metaphysical issues

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780691147123
Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017 DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691147123.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Robert Stalnaker, author
Massachusetts Institute of Technology