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Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies$
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Robert Wokler and Bryan Garsten

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147888

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147888.001.0001

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Rouseau and Marx

Rouseau and Marx

(p.214) Chapter 12 Rouseau and Marx
Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies

Robert Wokler

, Bryan Garsten

Christopher Brooke

Princeton University Press

The political theories of Rousseau and Marx arouse stronger feelings than do most doctrines, and they have exercised a greater influence on the course of social revolutions than have the ideas of any other modern writers. But while each continues to attract widespread interest, they are seldom compared with one another. This chapter contrasts the doctrines of Rousseau and Marx. It argues that elements of Rousseau's philosophy of culture, together with his conception of property embrace a wider spectrum of human activities than Marx allowed to be of central significance. It stresses the greater scope of Rousseau's vision of our civilization's decline as compared with Marx's account of the factors which shape our historical epochs. The discussion then turns to the place of moral values in their doctrines.

Keywords:   Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Karl Marx, political theory, culture, property, moral values

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