This chapter focuses on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces. The moduli space parameterizes many different kinds of structures on Sɡ, such as isometry classes of hyperbolic structures on S, conformal classes of Riemannian metrics on S, biholomorphism classes of complex structures on S, and isomorphism classes of smooth algebraic curves homeomorphic to S. The chapter first considers the moduli space as the quotient of Teichmüller space before discussing the moduli space of the torus. It then examines the theorem (due to Fricke) that Mod(S) acts properly discontinuously on Teich(S), with a finite-index subgroup of Mod(S) acting freely such that M(S) is finitely covered by a smooth aspherical manifold. The chapter also looks at Mumford's compactness criterion, which describes what it means to go to infinity in M(S), and concludes by showing that M(Sɡ) is very close to being a classifying space for Sɡ-bundles.
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