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Between Citizens and the StateThe Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century$
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Christopher P. Loss

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691148274

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.001.0001

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Educating Citizen-Soldiers in World War II

Educating Citizen-Soldiers in World War II

Chapter:
(p.91) Chapter 4 Educating Citizen-Soldiers in World War II
Source:
Between Citizens and the State
Author(s):

Christopher P. Loss

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.003.0004

This chapter moves the story from the New Deal to the U.S. Army. As the state's main wartime hub for psychological research, the Army Research Branch, headed by University of Chicago sociologist Samuel A. Stouffer, presented evidence to military commanders that better-educated soldiers were more efficient, exhibited higher morale, and were less likely to desert or suffer a psychoneurotic breakdown than their educationally deprived peers. Military and educational policymakers were galvanized by this finding and joined forces to create the Army Information and Education Division—the education clearinghouse for the common soldier. With the steady support of General George C. Marshall, the chief of staff of the army, who believed wholeheartedly in the transformative power of education, millions of G.I.s made use of the educational services provided to them.

Keywords:   U.S. Army, soldier education, Army Information and Education Division, World War II, citizen-soldiers, 1944 G.I. Bill, 1940s, G.I. Bill

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