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Against MassacreHumanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914$
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Davide Rodogno

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691151335

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.001.0001

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The Second Intervention in Crete (1896–1900)

The Second Intervention in Crete (1896–1900)

Chapter:
(p.212) Chapter Nine The Second Intervention in Crete (1896–1900)
Source:
Against Massacre
Author(s):

Davide Rodogno

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0010

This chapter examines the European powers' second military intervention in Crete, which lasted from 1896 to 1900. The intervention was not an instance of humanitarian intervention. It was designed to help the Ottoman government restore law and order in Crete after an insurgency and to avoid further threats to an increasingly fragile international order. The chapter begins with a discussion of the massacres and insurrections in Crete during the 1880s and 1890s, followed by an analysis of the international military occupation of the island during the period 1897–1899. It then considers the Greco-Ottoman War of 1897 and its consequences for Crete, along with the appointment of Prince George of Greece as high commissioner in Crete and the end of the European-run blockade of the island. It also explores public opinion in France and Great Britain regarding the European powers' intervention in Crete.

Keywords:   military intervention, Crete, humanitarian intervention, Europe, public opinion, insurgency, massacre, insurrection, military occupation, Greco-Ottoman War

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