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Watchdogs on the HillThe Decline of Congressional Oversight of U.S. Foreign Relations$

Linda L. Fowler

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691151618

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691151618.001.0001

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(p.ix) Illustrations

(p.ix) Illustrations

Source:
Watchdogs on the Hill
Author(s):

Linda L. Fowler

Publisher:
Princeton University Press

  1. Figure 1.1 Armed Services and Foreign Relations Total Public Hearing Days, 1947–2008 29

  2. Figure 1.2 Total Senate Committee Public Hearing Days, 1947–2008 30

  3. Figure 1.3 Comparison of Armed Services and Foreign Relations Executive Sessions with Total Hearing Days, 1947–2008 32

  4. Figure 1.4 Armed Services Hearing Days by Function and Venue, 1947–2008 34

  5. Figure 1.5 Foreign Relations Hearing Days by Function and Venue, 1947–2008 36

  6. Figure 1.6 Distribution of Armed Services and Foreign Relations Public and Executive Session Oversight 38

  7. Figure 1.7 Variation in Armed Services and Foreign Relations Oversight Hearings: Total Days for Police Patrols and Fire Alarms Compared to Budgets, 1947–2008 41

  8. Figure 2.1 Trends in Time Constraints in the U.S. Senate, 1947–2008 52

  9. Figure 2.2 Trends in Media Visibility of Congress and Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees, 1947–2008 53

  10. Figure 2.3 Frequency of Vietnam-Era Public and Executive Session Hearing Days: Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees, 1964–75 62

  11. Figure 3.1 Trends in Senators’ Ideological Polarization: Senate, Armed Services, and Foreign Relations, 80th–110th Congress 77

  12. Figure 3.2 Predicted Senate Committee Public Hearing Days and Institutional Change Variables, 1947–2008 80

  13. Figure 3.3 Predicted Senate Committee Public Hearing Days by Cold War Consensus and Mean Committee Assignments, 1947–2008 82

  14. Figure 3.4 Predicted Senate Armed Services Public Hearing Days and Institutional Change, 1947–2008 83

  15. Figure 3.5 Predicted Senate Foreign Relations Public Hearing Days and Institutional Change, 1947–2008 84

  16. Figure 3.6 Predicted Senate National Security Committee Public Hearing Days by Cold War Consensus and Mean Committee Assignments, 1947–2008 86

  17. Figure 3.7 Predicted Senate Armed Services Executive Hearing Days and Institutional Change, 1947–2008 87

  18. Figure 3.8 Predicted Senate Foreign Relations Committee Executive Hearing Days and Institutional Change, 1947–2008 88

  19. Figure 3.9 Trends in Seniority of Senators on Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees, 1947–2008 90 (p.x)

  20. Figure 4.1 Committee Public Oversight Hearing Days, by Divided Government and Total Hearing Days (Year) 104

  21. Figure 4.2 Budgets for Defense and International Affairs, 1947–2008 (in Constant 2009 Dollars) 105

  22. Figure 4.3 Predicted Mean Public and Executive Oversight Hearing Days, by Divided and Unified Government (Year) 111

  23. Figure 4.4 External Influences on Armed Services Oversight Hearing Days under Divided Government, by Public and Executive Session (Year) 113

  24. Figure 4.5 External Influences on Foreign Relations Oversight Hearing Days under Divided Government, by Public and Executive Session (Year) 115

  25. Figure 4.6 Predicted Probability of Armed Services Public Oversight or Budget Hearing 117

  26. Figure 4.7 Predicted Probability of Foreign Relations Public Oversight or Budget Hearing with Divided and Unified Government or Major Force, by International Expenditures 119

  27. Figure 4.8 Predicted Days per Individual Public Oversight or Budget Hearing, by Budget (Billions of Dollars) 122

  28. Figure 5.1 Salience of National Security Issues, 1947–2008 142

  29. Figure 5.2 Quarterly Military Casualties, 1947–2008 144

  30. Figure 5.3 Frequency of Quarterly Public Patrol and Fire Alarm Hearing Days, by Quarterly Casualties 145

  31. Figure 5.4 Armed Services Predicted Number of Public Patrol and Alarm Hearing Days, by President’s Party and Casualties 149–50

  32. Figure 5.5 Armed Services Predicted Number of Executive Patrol and Alarm Hearing Days, by Casualties 151

  33. Figure 5.6 Effects of Armed Services Chair John Stennis on Quarterly Public Fire Alarm Hearing Days, by Casualties 153

  34. Figure 5.7 Foreign Relations Predicted Number of Public Patrol and Alarm Hearing Days, by President’s Party and Casualties 154

  35. Figure 5.8 Foreign Relations Predicted Number of Executive Alarm and Patrol Hearing Days, by Casualties 156

  36. Figure 5.9 Foreign Relations Predicted Number of Public Patrol and Alarm Hearing Days, by Republican Presidents and Total Hearing Days 157

  37. Figure 5.10 Armed Services Predicted Number of Public Crisis Hearing Days, by President’s Party and Casualties 159

  38. Figure 5.11 Foreign Relations Predicted Number of Public Crisis Hearing Days, by President’s Party and Casualties 160