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Philosophic PrideStoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau$
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Christopher Brooke

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691152080

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.001.0001

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Grotius, Stoicism, and Oikeiosis

Grotius, Stoicism, and Oikeiosis

Chapter:
(p.37) Chapter Two Grotius, Stoicism, and Oikeiosis
Source:
Philosophic Pride
Author(s):

Christopher Brooke

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.003.0003

This chapter turns to Hugo Grotius and to the origins of the modern natural rights tradition in a reworking of Ciceronian Stoicism. It first argues that there is a close fit between the general structure of a Ciceronian Stoic natural law theory and the argument that Grotius builds in his Prolegomena to De Jure Belli ac Pacis (1631). Next, the chapter notes that the Stoic concern with autonomy combined with regulating practical deliberation is what gives us this distinctive argument, in which strong claims about the natural sociability of human beings end up issuing in a theory characterised above all by rights that separate people and their property off from one another. Finally, although Grotius calls oikeiosis (a desire for society) the appetitus societatis, he in fact works far more closely with Stoic sources on the side of personal oikeiosis rather than on the side of social oikeiosis.

Keywords:   Hugo Grotius, Ciceronian Stoicism, natural rights tradition, De Jure Belli ac Pacis, human sociability, oikeiosis, appetitus societatis

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