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Monitoring DemocracyWhen International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails$
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Judith G. Kelley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691152776

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.001.0001

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The Rise of a New Norm

The Rise of a New Norm

(p.16) Chapter 2 The Rise of a New Norm
Monitoring Democracy

Judith G. Kelley

Princeton University Press

This chapter talks about a combination of several factors that led to the rapid rise of monitoring. First, proponents were able to frame monitoring as a mechanism for upholding evolving political and civil rights at the same time as historical changes made relatively strong intrusions into domestic affairs more acceptable. Second, the end of the Cold War shifted the focus from security to democracy promotion and the domestic turmoil in many transition states created a demand for monitoring. Finally, donors and international organizations increased their use of political conditionality and this led even more governments to invite monitors. Nowadays, monitoring is widespread and involves many different types of organizations, ranging from global and regional intergovernmental organizations to NGOs. These organizations take on a range of activities and vary greatly in their resources.

Keywords:   monitoring, political rights, civil rights, Cold War, democracy promotion, political conditionality, international organizations, NGOs

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