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The Young Turks' Crime against HumanityThe Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire$
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Taner Akçam

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691153339

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001

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The Plan for the Homogenization of Anatolia

The Plan for the Homogenization of Anatolia

Chapter:
(p.29) Two The Plan for the Homogenization of Anatolia
Source:
The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity
Author(s):

Taner Akçam

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0002

This chapter explores the fundamental characteristics of the overall plan for the “homogenization” of Anatolia. Having initially devised and implemented a plan before the First World War to free themselves of non-Turkish elements in the Aegean region, the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) then, under the cover of war, expanded this plan to include all of Anatolia. The primary goal of this project was a conscious reshaping of the region's demographic character on the basis of its Muslim Turkish population. The two main pillars of this policy, which can be characterized as the government's population and resettlement policy, were as follows: the first entailed the “cleansing” of Anatolia's non-Muslim population; the second was the assimilation of all of Anatolia's non-Turkish Muslim communities.

Keywords:   Anatolia, homogenization, non-Turkish elements, Committee of Union and Progress, Muslim Turks, resettlement policy, Aegean region

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