# Thermodynamic Modeling of Large-Scale Interconnected Systems

# Thermodynamic Modeling of Large-Scale Interconnected Systems

This chapter describes the thermodynamic modeling of large-scale interconnected dynamical systems. Using compartmental dynamical system theory, it develops energy flow models possessing energy conservation and energy equipartition principles for large-scale dynamical systems. It then gives a deterministic definition of entropy for a large-scale dynamical system that is consistent with the classical definition of entropy and shows that it satisfies a Clausius-type inequality leading to the law of nonconservation of entropy. It also introduces the notion of ectropy as a measure of the tendency of a dynamical system to do useful work and grow more organized. It demonstrates how conservation of energy in an isolated thermodynamic large-scale system leads to nonconservation of ectropy and entropy. Finally, the chapter uses the system ectropy as a Lyapunov function candidate to show that the large-scale thermodynamic energy flow model has convergent trajectories to Lyapunov stable equilibria determined by the system initial subsystem energies.

*Keywords:*
thermodynamic modeling, interconnected dynamical system, compartmental dynamical system theory, energy flow, energy conservation, energy equipartition, entropy, Clausius-type inequality, nonconservation of entropy, ectropy

Princeton Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.