This chapter focuses on the link between Sun and Earth generically known as space weather. This link is referred to as the occurrence in the solar corona of energetic phenomenon such as flares and coronal mass ejections which can have a major impact on the Earth's space environment. There were other discoveries in subsequent years, but the 1950s and 1960s brought major advances in the understanding of the connection between the Sun and the Earth. Satellite observations confirmed the existence of the solar wind, so that the nature of the interplanetary medium was identified and measured. Such continuous monitoring of the Sun and solar wind has, in turn, led to methods for predicting deleterious space weather.
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