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Pericles of Athens$
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Vincent Azoulay

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691154596

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691154596.001.0001

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The Bases of Periclean Power: The Stratēgos

The Bases of Periclean Power: The Stratēgos

Chapter:
(p.28) Chapter 2 The Bases of Periclean Power: The Stratēgos
Source:
Pericles of Athens
Author(s):

Vincent Azoulay

, Janet Lloyd
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691154596.003.0003

This chapter examines one of the bases of Pericles' political power: as military leader, which rests upon the office of a stratēgos. It first considers the institutional and military mainsprings of Pericles' authority before discussing the function of a stratēgos and the reasons why the role played by this office was so crucial in Athens. It then explores how Pericles set up a veritable policy for glory, even to the point of singing the praises of his own successes. It also analyzes Pericles' military strategy in the Peloponnesian War and concludes with the argument that Pericles' success rested on military glory—as head of the Athenian armies and navies. The chapter shows that, as a stratēgos in warfare, well accustomed to military command, Pericles dominated Athenian political life for twenty or so years.

Keywords:   political power, military leader, stratēgos, Pericles, Athens, military strategy, Peloponnesian War, military glory, warfare, military command

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