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When Is True Belief Knowledge?$
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Richard Foley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691154725

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.001.0001

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Misleading Defeaters

Misleading Defeaters

Chapter:
(p.95) Chapter 19 Misleading Defeaters
Source:
When Is True Belief Knowledge?
Author(s):

Richard Foley

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0019

This chapter proposes a game in a similar vein to the Gettier game: when a subject has a true belief but seems not to have knowledge, it looks for some key aspect of the situation about which the subject lacks true beliefs. Defeasibility theorists make a strikingly similar recommendation. When confronted with cases in which a subject intuitively lacks knowledge despite having a justified true belief, they too recommend looking for a truth about the situation that the subject lacks, but because they are committed to the Gettier game, they link the subject's ignorance of this truth with the justification requirement. The chapter examines a story discussed by a leading proponent of the defeasibility theory, Peter Klein, before positing its own solution to the game.

Keywords:   defeasibility, defeasibility theory, Peter Klein, misleading defeaters, justifications, ignorance

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