This chapter gives an argument for the individuals view. The individuals view says that norms of partiality arise from facts about the individuals with whom our special relationships are shared. Your reasons to give special treatment to your friend, according to the individuals view, are explained by something about your friend: something that would be there even if she did not take a special place in your projects, and even if the two of you did not share a friendship. To find the source of our reasons of partiality, says the individuals view, we need to look more closely not at ourselves or our relationships but at the particular other people with whom our special relationships are shared.
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