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America's MissionThe United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy$
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Tony Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691154923

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.001.0001

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Democratizing Japan and Germany

Democratizing Japan and Germany

Chapter:
(p.146) Chapter Six Democratizing Japan and Germany
Source:
America's Mission
Author(s):

Tony Smith

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0006

This chapter examines the American democratization policy for postwar Japan and Germany as part of its liberal democratic internationalism. World War II stands as one of the great watersheds in history; it not only marked the defeat of fascism as a viable form of political organization, but also opened the possibility of promoting democracy in Germany and Japan. Thus, it created the conditions for a liberal world order that could contain and ultimately eclipse communism's pretension to world revolution. The chapter considers American efforts to liberalize Germany and Japan after World War II by analyzing the fate of what the American Army referred to as the four D's for Germany: demilitarization, democratization, decartelization, and denazification or deprogramming. It also discusses the extent to which the eventual democratization of Germany and Japan ultimately helped create a more powerful liberal world order.

Keywords:   democratization, Japan, Germany, liberal democratic internationalism, World War II, fascism, democracy, demilitarization, decartelization, denazification

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