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America's MissionThe United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy$
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Tony Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691154923

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.001.0001

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Eisenhower and His Legacy, 1953–1977

Eisenhower and His Legacy, 1953–1977

Chapter:
(p.179) Chapter Seven Eisenhower and His Legacy, 1953–1977
Source:
America's Mission
Author(s):

Tony Smith

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0007

This chapter examines Dwight D. Eisenhower's legacy in the area of liberal democratic internationalism during the period 1953–1977. Until 1947, the American foreign policy choice had been between a Wilsonian advocacy of democracy and a Rooseveltian preference for nonintervention. A third option had emerged since then: intervention for dictatorships, even against indigenous political forces that might be seeking to create constitutional, democratic regimes. The chapter first provides an overview of American realism and mass politics in the twentieth century, with emphasis on the modernity of fascism, communism, and democracy, before discussing American foreign policy during the Eisenhower years. In particular, it considers the Eisenhower administration's policy decisions with respect to Iran, Guatemala, and Vietnam. It also explores the geopolitical realism of American support for democratic governments abroad.

Keywords:   democracy, Dwight D. Eisenhower, liberal democratic internationalism, dictatorship, realism, mass politics, fascism, communism, American foreign policy, Guatemala

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