This chapter identifies a number of plausible institutional reforms that could help to secure the epistemic value of democratic decision making even in the face of framing. In order to counteract the effects of framing, three broad strategies suggest themselves. First, increasing the number of competing frames for political issues (e.g., by ensuring a diversity of political and media perspectives) holds out the possibility of making us more responsive to reasons than to frames. Second, mechanisms designed to isolate democratic outcomes from flawed democratic decision making (e.g., constitutional review) might allow us to catch mistakes before they undermine the epistemic value of democratic arrangements. Third, public education programs aimed at eliminating framing effects could provide us with a direct means of improving the decision making of democracies.
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