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Rough CountryHow Texas Became America's Most Powerful Bible-Belt State$
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Robert Wuthnow

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159898

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159898.001.0001

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The Fundamentalist Belt

The Fundamentalist Belt

Coming to Terms with Science

Chapter:
(p.121) Chapter 4 The Fundamentalist Belt
Source:
Rough Country
Author(s):

Robert Wuthnow

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691159898.003.0005

This chapter considers the popular perception of Texas as a fundamentalist belt. This perception was never completely true, but it was not without basis either. It was more accurate to say that religious leaders who believed in a conservative interpretation of the Bible represented an almost unchallenged understanding of theology in Dallas to a greater extent than would have been the case in Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago, or Los Angeles. It was increasingly accurate to say that conservative Baptists and Methodists along with members of several smaller denominations carried greater influence in their denominations than their counterparts did in any other state. How that happened became evident in the church controversies that escalated between the 1880s and 1920s, in the opposition church leaders mobilized against evolution, in conflict between fundamentalists and modernists, in the monitoring of what was taught in schools and seminaries, and in the rising popularity of biblical interpretations emphasizing dispensational theology.

Keywords:   fundamentalism, fundamentalists, Texas, religion, Baptists, Methodists

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