- Title Pages
- Chapter One Introduction
- Chapter Two “Person”
- Chapter Three “Person … is a forensic term”
- Chapter Four Concernment
- Chapter Five Consciousness
- Chapter Six “Consciousness … is inseparable from thinking”
- Chapter Seven “From the inside”
- Chapter Eight “Person”—Locke’s Definition
- Chapter Nine Consciousness Is Not Memory
- Chapter Ten Personal Identity
- Chapter Eleven Psychological Connectedness
- Chapter Twelve Transition (Butler Dismissed)
- Chapter Thirteen “But next …”: Personal Identity without Substantial Continuity
- Chapter Fourteen “And therefore …”: [I]-transfers, [Ag]-transfers, [P]-transfers
- Chapter Fifteen “A fatal error of theirs”
- Chapter Sixteen A Fatal Error of Locke’s?
- Chapter Seventeen Circularity?
- Chapter Eighteen The Distinction between [P] and [S]
- Chapter Nineteen Concernment and Repentance
- Chapter Twenty Conclusion
- Appendix One “Of Identity and Diversity”
- Appendix Two A Defence of Mr. Locke’s Opinion Concerning Personal Identity
- (p.5) Chapter Two “Person”
- Locke on Personal Identity
- Princeton University Press
This chapter examines John Locke's use of the word “person” as the root cause of the misunderstanding about his theory of personal identity. Most of Locke's readers tend to take the term “person” as if it were only a sortal term of a standard kind, that is, a term for a standard temporal continuant, like “human being” or “thinking thing.” However, they fail to take into account the fact that Locke is using “person” as a “forensic” term, that is, a term that finds its principal use in contexts in which questions about the attribution of responsibility (praise and blame, punishment and reward) are foremost. The chapter explains how a Lockean person, or more specifically Person [P], differs from the standard person and describes the three components of [P]: a whole human material body, an immaterial soul, and a set of actions both present and past.
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