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Electing the SenateIndirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment$
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Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691163161

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.001.0001

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Party as Gatekeeper

Party as Gatekeeper

Canvass, Convention, and Caucus as Nomination Mechanisms

Chapter:
(p.82) Chapter 4 Party as Gatekeeper
Source:
Electing the Senate
Author(s):

Wendy J. Schiller

Charles Stewart III

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0004

This chapter analyzes the role of the party as a gatekeeper to running for U.S. Senate and delves more deeply into the role of the political party as an organization in the state legislature. It measures the function of partisanship in structuring the organization of state legislatures as well as examines how partisanship influenced the dynamics of Senate elections. It explains the role of party caucuses in the nomination and election stages of indirect elections; shows how party leaders identified and rallied around Senate candidates; and identifies the set of incentives that party leaders used to pressure state legislators to back their preferred Senate candidate. Furthermore, it discusses how candidates for U.S. Senate tried to consolidate support among key party leaders, and how regional party factionalism made that task more difficult. To illustrate these behaviors, the chapter includes case studies from a range of years and states, including New York, Kentucky, Washington State, Florida, and Illinois.

Keywords:   political parties, senators, U.S. Senate, state legislature, partisanship, Senate elections, party caucus, political party leaders

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