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The Iranian MetaphysicalsExplorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny$
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Alireza Doostdar

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691163772

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.001.0001

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Legal Censure

Legal Censure

Chapter:
(p.46) 3 Legal Censure
Source:
The Iranian Metaphysicals
Author(s):

Alireza Doostdar

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.003.0004

This chapter examines the Iranian state's attempts over the past century to eliminate the practices of rammals as threats to public order. Rammals are known to resist regulation by the state, as can be seen in the spatial location of their practices. There are no shops or businesses where occult specialists may legitimately offer their services for a fee. They often change their addresses to avoid state surveillance. The chapter considers the criminalization of the occult professions as well as the intensification of punishments for occult practitioners, arguing that the conception of rational civil order under the Islamic Republic is linked to the moral leadership of the ulama. It also discusses the evolution of the legal framework for occult professions, which are now sometimes treated as fraud.

Keywords:   rammal, public order, criminalization, occult, punishment, civil order, Islamic Republic, ulama, fraud

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