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Recasting Bourgeois EuropeStabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I$
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Charles S. Maier

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169798

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.001.0001

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The Politics of Reparation

The Politics of Reparation

(p.233) 4 The Politics of Reparation
Recasting Bourgeois Europe

Charles S. Maier

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the politics of reparation in France, Germany, and Italy. The reparation issue was not settled at the Paris Peace Conference. Woodrow Wilson resisted the most extensive demands of the European allies, but recompense for civilian damages, which he sanctioned, was bound to be enormous. Furthermore, Britain won the principle that separation allowances and pensions for veterans or dependents must also be shouldered by Germany. To forestall divisive arguments, it was agreed that a Reparations Commission would determine the total damages and levy a final bill by May 1, 1921. The chapter discusses issues relating to reparation, taxes, and the German heavy industry. It also considers how with French Prime Minister Aristide Briand and German Chancellor Joseph Wirth sought support on the basis of a reformist or moderate position and found themselves stalemated, suggesting that both men were hostage to each other's moderation on reparations.

Keywords:   reparations, France, Germany, Italy, taxes, heavy industry, Aristide Briand, Joseph Wirth, moderation, politics

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