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Recasting Bourgeois EuropeStabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I$
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Charles S. Maier

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169798

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.001.0001

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The Attrition of the Liberal Regime in Italy

The Attrition of the Liberal Regime in Italy

(p.305) 5 The Attrition of the Liberal Regime in Italy
Recasting Bourgeois Europe

Charles S. Maier

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the attrition of the liberal regime in Italy. The inability to reestablish a stable centrist majority in Italy brought not only a shift to the right, but also destruction of the parliamentary regime. Struggles for hegemony put an enormous strain on liberal institutions. The Fascists imposed an unofficial terrorism, followed by a legal but coercive regimentation upon the political arena, mass communications, and the labor market. These developments emerged from the inner decay of liberalism as much as from any conquest from outside. The chapter first considers the political ecology of fascism in Italy before discussing the liberals' search for order from the time of Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti to Benito Mussolini.

Keywords:   liberalism, Italy, Fascists, terrorism, mass communications, labor market, political ecology, fascism, Giovanni Giolitti, Benito Mussolini

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