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Recasting Bourgeois EuropeStabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I$
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Charles S. Maier

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691169798

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.001.0001

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Between Nationalism and Corporatism: The Ruhr Conflict

Between Nationalism and Corporatism: The Ruhr Conflict

(p.355) 6 Between Nationalism and Corporatism: The Ruhr Conflict
Recasting Bourgeois Europe

Charles S. Maier

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the impact of the Ruhr conflict on nationalism and corporatism in France and Germany. The Ruhr crisis suggested that the German and French recourse to nationalist policies actually worked to undermine strong national authority. Instead, it encouraged industry to negotiate its own agreements and to work toward a Europe of forges rather than fatherlands. Even as nationalism revived, then, corporatist developments intensified. The chapter shows that the Ruhr conflict produced contradictory developments. Traditional bourgeois nationalist values were initially reinforced by the Franco-German conflict. However, the frame of bourgeois authority and values, the nation-state, was simultaneously weakened by the very interest groups who benefited from a nationalist political atmosphere. The chapter also considers issues relating to inflation, social democracy, and sovereignty in Germany, along with the conflict involving corporatist forces, French President Raymond Poincaré, and German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann.

Keywords:   nationalism, corporatism, France, Germany, Ruhr conflict, inflation, social democracy, sovereignty, Raymond Poincaré, Gustav Stresemann

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