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The Machiavellian MomentFlorentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition$
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J. G. A. Pocock

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691172231

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691172231.001.0001

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The Anglicization of the Republic

The Anglicization of the Republic

A) Mixed Constitution, Saint and Citizen

Chapter:
(p.361) Chapter XI The Anglicization of the Republic
Source:
The Machiavellian Moment
Author(s):

J.G.A. Pocock

Richard Whatmore

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691172231.003.0011

This chapter looks at how the theory of the mixed constitution was imported into English political rhetoric in order to naturalize the Polybian and Machiavellian doctrine of the republic, in which the virtues of all may neutralize the vices from which none is free, but which is historically fragile and may be overthrown at the slightest departure from balance. The alternative and opposite to balance is fortune and maybe corruption, but there is an important difference between the Florentine and the English functions of this antithesis, as the chapter shows. The chapter explores the initial stages of the Anglicization of the republic through England's Civil War years and through various thinkers who had begun positing ideas which were in some ways Machiavellian in nature.

Keywords:   English Machiavellianism, mixed constitution, citizenship, republic, Anglicization, Civil War, Interregnum

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