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Orwell and the Globalization of Literature

Orwell and the Globalization of Literature

(p.24) Chapter 2 Orwell and the Globalization of Literature
Archives of Authority
Andrew N. Rubin
Princeton University Press

This chapter considers the role of author George Orwell in the context of the globalization of literature. Orwell's late fiction, Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), helped to define and structure Western political and cultural conceptions of totalitarianism. In particular, the chapter looks at the universality of Nineteen Eighty-Four and how it has resonated even in the present day. It asks how our understanding of the process by which the novel was repeatedly translated, retranslated, adapted into different forms, and globalized enable us to think beyond the terms of the text and provide us with a better understanding of the cultural dimensions of the transnationalization of literature.

Keywords:   George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, globalization, literature, transnationalization, totalitarianism, knowledge suppression, translation zone

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