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Restoring Four-Power Rights, Reviving a Confederation in 1989

Restoring Four-Power Rights, Reviving a Confederation in 1989

(p.48) Chapter 2 Restoring Four-Power Rights, Reviving a Confederation in 1989
Mary Elise Sarotte
Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the Soviet restoration model and former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl's revivalist model. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) hoped to use its weight as a victor in the Second World War to restore the old quadripartite mechanism of four-power control exactly as it used to be in 1945, before subsequent layers of Cold War modifications created room for German contributions. This restoration model, which called for the reuse of the old Allied Control Commission to dominate all further proceedings in divided Germany, represented a realist vision of politics run by powerful states, each retaining their own sociopolitical order and pursuing their own interests. Meanwhile, Kohl's revivalist model represented the revival, or adaptive reuse, of a confederation of German states. This latter-day “confederationism” blurred the lines of state sovereignty; each of the two twenty-first-century Germanies would maintain its own political and social order, but the two would share a confederative, national roof.

Keywords:   restoration model, Helmut Kohl, revivalist model, USSR, four-power control, Allied Control Commission, German states, confederationism, state sovereignty

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