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Mathematics in Ancient EgyptA Contextual History$
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Annette Imhausen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691117133

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.001.0001

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New Kingdom Mathematical Texts: Ostraca Senmut 153 and Turin 57170

New Kingdom Mathematical Texts: Ostraca Senmut 153 and Turin 57170

(p.131) 12. New Kingdom Mathematical Texts: Ostraca Senmut 153 and Turin 57170
Mathematics in Ancient Egypt

Annette Imhausen

Princeton University Press

This chapter considers mathematical texts from the New Kingdom. Almost no mathematical texts from the New Kingdom are extant. So far, only two fragmentary ostraca have been published: Senmut 153 and Turin 57170. The Senmut Ostracon comprises an incomplete (possible) title, followed by six lines of computation. The individual steps of the calculation are achieved with the aid of auxiliary numbers. The initial doubling may have been aided by the use of the 2 ÷ n table and the auxiliary number then introduced at a later stage. The ostracon, today kept in Turin, contains only a few (and incomplete) lines of text that seem to indicate solutions.

Keywords:   mathematical texts, ostraca, Senmut 153, Turin 57170, ancient Egypt, Egyptian mathematics

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