- Title Pages
- Preface
- Introduction
- Prehistoric and Early Dynastic Period
- 1. The Invention of Writing and Number Notation
- 2. The Egyptian Number System
- 3. Uses of Numbers and Their Contexts in Predynastic and Early Dynastic Times
- 4. Summary
- Old Kingdom
- 5. The Cultural Context of Egyptian Mathematics in the Old Kingdom
- 6. Metrological Systems
- 7. Notation of Fractions
- 8. Summary
- Middle Kingdom
- 9. Mathematical Texts (I): The Mathematical Training of Scribes
- 10. Foundation of Mathematics
- 11. Mathematics in Practice and Beyond
- New Kingdom
- 12. New Kingdom Mathematical Texts: Ostraca Senmut 153 and Turin 57170
- 13. Two Examples of Administrative Texts
- 14. Mathematics in Literature
- 15. Further Aspects of Mathematics from New Kingdom Sources
- 16. Summary
- Greco-Roman Periods
- 17. Mathematical Texts (II): Tradition, Transmission, Development
- 18. Conclusion: Egyptian Mathematics in Historical Perspective
- Bibliography
- Subject Index
- Egyptian Words and Phrases Index
- Index of Mathematical Texts

# Summary

# Summary

- Chapter:
- (p.177) 16. Summary
- Source:
- Mathematics in Ancient Egypt
- Author(s):
### Annette Imhausen

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press

This chapter summarizes key discussions in chapters 9 to 15. The New Kingdom offers a variety of sources that provide insights into the uses and roles of mathematics at that time. As in previous periods, mathematics and the scribes who practiced it expertly continue to play a vital role in the administration. In order to illustrate the type and style of available sources, extracts of Papyrus Harris I and the Wilbour Papyrus have been used, both of which are as interesting as they are complex in terms of their usage of mathematical techniques and concepts. However, apart from these two outstanding papyri, it is the large number of smaller accounts written on papyri and ostraca that clearly documents the ongoing significance of administrative mathematics during the New Kingdom.

*Keywords:*
New Kingdom, mathematical texts, ancient Egypt, Egyptian mathematics, Harris I, Wilbour Papyrus, ostraca

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- Title Pages
- Preface
- Introduction
- Prehistoric and Early Dynastic Period
- 1. The Invention of Writing and Number Notation
- 2. The Egyptian Number System
- 3. Uses of Numbers and Their Contexts in Predynastic and Early Dynastic Times
- 4. Summary
- Old Kingdom
- 5. The Cultural Context of Egyptian Mathematics in the Old Kingdom
- 6. Metrological Systems
- 7. Notation of Fractions
- 8. Summary
- Middle Kingdom
- 9. Mathematical Texts (I): The Mathematical Training of Scribes
- 10. Foundation of Mathematics
- 11. Mathematics in Practice and Beyond
- New Kingdom
- 12. New Kingdom Mathematical Texts: Ostraca Senmut 153 and Turin 57170
- 13. Two Examples of Administrative Texts
- 14. Mathematics in Literature
- 15. Further Aspects of Mathematics from New Kingdom Sources
- 16. Summary
- Greco-Roman Periods
- 17. Mathematical Texts (II): Tradition, Transmission, Development
- 18. Conclusion: Egyptian Mathematics in Historical Perspective
- Bibliography
- Subject Index
- Egyptian Words and Phrases Index
- Index of Mathematical Texts