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Pollination and Floral Ecology - Princeton Scholarship Online
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Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer


This book is a comprehensive reference to all aspects of pollination biology—and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. The beautifully illustrated book describes how flowers use colors, shapes, and scents to advertise themselves; how they offer pollen and nectar as rewards; and how they share complex interactions with beetles, birds, bats, bees, and other creatures. The ecology of these interactions is covered in depth, including the timing and patterning of flowering, competition among flowering plants to attract certain visitors and deter others, and the many ... More

Keywords: pollination biology, flower, pollen, nectar, bee, flowering, animal–flower interaction, flower evolution

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780691128610
Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017 DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Pat Willmer, author
University of St. Andrews

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Part I Essentials of Flower Design and Function

Part II Floral Advertisements and Floral Rewards

Part III Pollination Syndromes?

Part IV Floral Ecology