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Pollination and Floral Ecology$
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Pat Willmer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691128610

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001

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Rewards and Costs: The Environmental Economics of Pollination

Rewards and Costs: The Environmental Economics of Pollination

(p.234) Chapter 10 Rewards and Costs: The Environmental Economics of Pollination
Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the environmental economics of pollination, with particular emphasis on the costs that may be incurred and that have to be offset against the rewards gathered. Pollination is usually regarded as a mutualism, of benefit to both partners, each of which gains in fitness. In such a relationship, both should be trying to maximize their survival and ultimately their reproductive success, which will require balancing their costs against the rewards and hence assessing the net benefits gained. Disentangling the economic aspects of the interaction for each participant has become a major area of study in pollination ecology. The chapter first considers the conflicting requirements of a plant and its pollinators before discussing the costs incurred by the plant and the costs incurred by a flower-visiting animal. It also explores the effects of the environment on flower-pollinator interactions as economic transactions.

Keywords:   mutualism, pollination, cost, reward, pollination ecology, plant, pollinator, flower–pollinator interaction

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