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Pollination and Floral Ecology$
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Pat Willmer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691128610

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination

Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination

(p.418) Chapter 19 Wind and Water: Abiotic Pollination
Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines abiotic pollination via wind or water. It begins with a discussion of wind pollination or anemophily, which is a common occurrence in modern plants, especially in most gymnosperms, in the catkin-bearing angiosperm trees, and in cereals (Poaceae and Cyperaceae). Anemophily is predominantly a derived condition in angiosperms, associated with ecological conditions where zoophily is difficult. Transition from zoophily to anemophily has occurred at least sixty-five times in such circumstances. The chapter looks at wind-pollinated angiosperm and conifer flowers and goes on to consider critical factors affecting pollen movement in anemophilous plants. It concludes with an overview of hydrophily, or water pollination.

Keywords:   abiotic pollination, wind pollination, anemophily, angiosperm, conifer, flower, pollen, anemophilous plant, hydrophily, water pollination

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