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Pollination and Floral Ecology$
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Pat Willmer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780691128610

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001

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Living with Other Flowers: Competition and Pollination Ecology

Living with Other Flowers: Competition and Pollination Ecology

(p.503) Chapter 22 Living with Other Flowers: Competition and Pollination Ecology
Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines competition in the context of pollination ecology. Competition is typically treated from the perspective of the plants, but it is also likely to occur among and between the pollinators. Furthermore, competition can occur at various levels—as a structuring factor in communities, as a selective force on an individual plant’s phenology, morphology, or rewards, and at a genetic level structuring competition for pollens between males, and female choice between possible mates. The chapter first considers several types of of competition in pollination ecology, potential outcomes of competition, and competition between pollinators before discussing how selection reduces intraspecific competition among plants and competition among pollinators. It also explores paternity, maternity, and gene flow in coflowering communities, focusing in particular on male competition and female choice, along with gene flow via pollen dispersal and seed dispersal.

Keywords:   competition, pollination ecology, pollinator, female choice, pollination, paternity, maternity, gene flow, male competition, pollen dispersal

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